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Реферат: Evil Problem Essay Research Paper No one

Название: Evil Problem Essay Research Paper No one
Раздел: Топики по английскому языку
Тип: реферат Добавлен 14:29:51 02 ноября 2010 Похожие работы
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Evil Problem Essay, Research Paper

?No one who conjures up the most evil of those half-tamed demons that inhabit

the human breast and seeks to wrestle with them can expect to come through the

struggle unscathed.? -Dora (Complete Psychological Works) There exists an all

poweful force in this universe that makes man fall into an eternal abyss of

illusion and hell. It is called Maya (Cosmic Illusion) by the Vedanta and

?evil? by the English It wounds the opponent always, many times almost

fatally. It is the most ferocious, wild, and swinish beast in existence.

Sometimes a mere glance at it can provoke it to attack. There is only weapon

that can kill this ?evil?, that can wipe it away once and for all, that can

triumph over all else: and that is the Highest Good. In Golding?s Lord of the

Flies, through the characters and symbolic happenings, it is shown that in all

being lies this Maya, or illusion which we call evil, and the Highest Good and

if either of these are dove into, astounding effects on the human heart are

inevitable. Golding shows that how even within innocent school boys, there lies

this tremendous force of illusion. As he builds up his novel, he reveals how

evil manifests itself in different ways until it reaches its climactic maximum.

The story can be said to be an allegory of present day society, for evil is not

just in the pages of books but is a reality that affects the world. Golding

makes his central theme very clear when the pig?s skull, which represent evil,

is speaking to Simon. The Beast says, ?Fancy thinking the beast was something

that you could hunt and kill!? Evil is not something in gross form that one

can handle by physical means. ?You knew, didn?t you? I?m part of you?

Close, close, close!?(143) As Mahatma Gandhi once said, ?The only devils in

the world are the ones running around in our own hearts.? With the

manifestation of these devils, our hearts as well as the hearts of others are

scarred more and more. ?I?m the reason why it?s no go? Why things are what

they are?,? says the Beast. All of the characters in the book, Ralph, Jack,

Piggy, Samneric, the rest of the biguns, and all of the littluns and even Simon

are injured and ?scathed? as they battle a force which they are just

discovering and find no means to fight. Ralph, one of the most important

characters of the novel, is scathed by the ?beast? or ?evil? as he goes

closer and closer to it and finally confronts it. When he first discovers

himself on the island, which can be compared to the battle ground of the heart,

he stands on his head in a playful mood, innocent and ignorant of the inevitable

war of the future. ?Ralph spoke to himself, sounding the bass strings of

delight. ?Whizzoh!?? When he takes the role of chief, he understands the

importance of rules and order. However, as he is exposed to the amoral behavior

from most of the biguns, and with no ?grown-ups? to enforce order, he gets

his very first glimpse of evil creeping itself into the picture. This first

glimpse starts his endless and progressing helplessness; as without order he

cannot keep the fire burning which is his only hope for survival. Ralph starts

to know evil more prominently when Jack takes Piggy?s glasses. One cxan see

that evil slowly takes control over. little by little, as he finds joy in

participating in the hunt. ??I hit him all right The spear stuck in. I

wounded him!? He sunned himself in their new respect and felt that hunting was

good after all . . .? It happens sometimes, that when one is badly cut, one

does not notice it at first, and only afterwards notices it. Ralph notices the

big gash in his heart; the wound that evil left when it possessed him to help in

the killing of Simon. When he is trapped in the forest at the end of the novel,

with savages all around him, he has a stick which is pointed on both sides. This

stick signifies the eternal war of good and evil. ?Waht could they do? Beat

him ? . . . Kill him? A stick sharpened at both ends.? Ralph is surrounded by

evil and runs to escape with the last bit of goodness as his weapon. When Ralph

is confronted by the officer, he starts wailing and bawling with the littluns,

for he cannot understand the nature of this force which made innocent school

boys become animalistic killers. The guilt, the shame, and most of all the

terrible fear resulting from all of these traumatizing experiences deeply

scathes Ralph beyond comprehension. Of all the characters in the book, it can be

said that Jack was the most possessed by evil and was therefore scathed deeply

by it. At the beginning of the novel, Jack is preoccupied with being able to

hunt and kill a pig for food and he tries several times, but fails; since evil

has not possessed him yet, he cannot bring himself to kill a living being.

??I was choosing a place,? said Jack. ?I was just waiting for a moment

to decide where to stab him.? . . . ?If I could only get a pig!?? But

slowly, the evil possesses him more and more; he not only can hunt, but

thoroughly enjoys it. ??I cut the pig?s throat,? said Jack, proudly . .

.? One can see the progresion of evil in higher degrees from comparing the

following quotes. ?He noticed blood on his hands and grimaced distastefully,

looked for something on which to clean them , then wiped them on his shorts and

laughed.? Later in the novel, after a hunt, ?Jack grabbed Maurice and rubbed

the stuff over his cheeks.? Jack slowly forms his own group and the

transformation from human being to savage is complete. The climactic possession

of evil over Ralph is when he makes the decision to hunt Ralph, a living

human-being. The difference between Ralph and Jack was that Ralph was immoral,

being conscious of his actions being wrong and being able to reflect on the

matter. Jack however, was amoral, losing all conception of what morality is in

the first place from; Maya had completely taken hontrol over him. Jack?s scars

from evil are so deep that he doesn?t realize them at all. Jack and Ralph

dealt with the theme of evil in the novel, but Simon is one of the most

important characters of the novel, since his charcater deals with the aspect of

the theme concerning the Highest Good. What is this Highest Good? It is the

divinity or God present in all beings. Simon represents the concept of a savior,

messiah or incarnation of God. Simon contemplates in the forest and discovers

the dead man in the parachute, which the boys think is the beast. He confronts

?the beast? and it says to him, ?Thisd is ridiculous, you know perfectly

well that you?ll meet me down there- so don?t try to escape!? By this

Simon understands that the only devils in the world are the ones inside the

heart and that the only war that should take place is in the heart for the

triumph of the Highest Good. ?He crawled forward and soon he understood . . .

The beast was harmless and horrible.? This principle has been taught by many

sages and prophets. For example, Christ came to deliver a message to the people

and destroy evil. Christ said, ?The kingdom of heaven is within you,? which

exhorts the inevitable triumph of Divinity over evil. However, because of the

evil of the Roman society, they crucified him. He was the deliverer and savior

of the people and yet they killed him. Simon was about to solve the boys

problem: the beast. The beast was at the root of all the confusion and hell.

Simon was to save them and tell them that the projection and illusion of their

own minds. ?. . . and the news must reach the others.? Simon, the boys?

savior, was also killed. The importance of the character Simon is that he points

the way out from hell, as true spirituality always does. The message of

Golding?s philosophy can easily be undersood in the light of the Indian

philosophy of Vedanta, more commonly known as Hinduism. It exhorts that God is

within every being, the Highest Good. This highest good is in actuality the only

substance and Reality of this universe. There is nothing in this universe but

God. Maya, or Cosmic Illusion covers up in each man the Indivivible and Supreme

Soul of man by the impurities collected from many lives. The more evil one

indulges in, like hate, anger, greed, attachment, jealousy, evil, lust, etc.,

the more you cover up the God within you. The more you dive into moral actions,

and the more mindful and prayerful you are toward God, the more evil is

scratched away and the glory of the Soul of man is revealed little by little.

When finally, all this Maya or evil is scratched away by repeated efforts and

God?s grace the light of the Soul illumines the mind and one discovers that

this ?beast? and this ?evil? never existed in the first place. They were

mere mirages; projections of the drunk mind. As the great Swami Vivekananda (a

great preacher revivor of Vedanta who lived in the 19th century) said, ?All

will be metamorphosed as soon as you begin to see things in that light. If you

put God in your every movement, in your conversation, in your form, in

everything, the whole scene changes, and the world, instead of appearing as one

of woe and misery, will become a heaven. . . . Many do not know what an infinite

mine of bliss is in them, around them, everywhere; they have not yet discovered

it. What is a demoniacal world.? The Vedanta says, ignorance [or evil]. We are

crying of thirst sitting on the banks of the mightiest river. We are dying of

hunger sitting near heaps of food. Here is the blissful universe, yet we do not

find it . . . We are in it all the time, and we are always mistaking it.

Religion proposes to find this out for us. Neither death nor disease, nor

sorrow, nor misery, nor discontent is there. All is Perfect Union and Perfect

Bliss. For whom should one mourn then? In the Reality, there is no death, there

is no misery; in the Reality, there is no one to mourn for, no one to be sorry

for. He has penetrated everything, the Pure One, the Formless, the Bodiless, the

Stainless.?(Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, Volume II) Simon, through

contemplation and anylictical discovery, allegorically comes to this ultimate

realization. However, as the others dive deeper and deeper into evil, some more

than others, and, as Dora mentions, are scathed more and more, they cover up

this glorious Divinity within. This is the cause of their misery and the

terrible gashes across their heart.

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Olya23:41:55 28 августа 2019
.23:41:54 28 августа 2019
.23:41:53 28 августа 2019
.23:41:52 28 августа 2019
.23:41:52 28 августа 2019

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