Банк рефератов содержит более 364 тысяч рефератов, курсовых и дипломных работ, шпаргалок и докладов по различным дисциплинам: истории, психологии, экономике, менеджменту, философии, праву, экологии. А также изложения, сочинения по литературе, отчеты по практике, топики по английскому.
Полнотекстовый поиск
Всего работ:
Теги названий
Авиация и космонавтика (304)
Административное право (123)
Арбитражный процесс (23)
Архитектура (113)
Астрология (4)
Астрономия (4814)
Банковское дело (5227)
Безопасность жизнедеятельности (2616)
Биографии (3423)
Биология (4214)
Биология и химия (1518)
Биржевое дело (68)
Ботаника и сельское хоз-во (2836)
Бухгалтерский учет и аудит (8269)
Валютные отношения (50)
Ветеринария (50)
Военная кафедра (762)
ГДЗ (2)
География (5275)
Геодезия (30)
Геология (1222)
Геополитика (43)
Государство и право (20403)
Гражданское право и процесс (465)
Делопроизводство (19)
Деньги и кредит (108)
ЕГЭ (173)
Естествознание (96)
Журналистика (899)
ЗНО (54)
Зоология (34)
Издательское дело и полиграфия (476)
Инвестиции (106)
Иностранный язык (62791)
Информатика (3562)
Информатика, программирование (6444)
Исторические личности (2165)
История (21319)
История техники (766)
Кибернетика (64)
Коммуникации и связь (3145)
Компьютерные науки (60)
Косметология (17)
Краеведение и этнография (588)
Краткое содержание произведений (1000)
Криминалистика (106)
Криминология (48)
Криптология (3)
Кулинария (1167)
Культура и искусство (8485)
Культурология (537)
Литература : зарубежная (2044)
Литература и русский язык (11657)
Логика (532)
Логистика (21)
Маркетинг (7985)
Математика (3721)
Медицина, здоровье (10549)
Медицинские науки (88)
Международное публичное право (58)
Международное частное право (36)
Международные отношения (2257)
Менеджмент (12491)
Металлургия (91)
Москвоведение (797)
Музыка (1338)
Муниципальное право (24)
Налоги, налогообложение (214)
Наука и техника (1141)
Начертательная геометрия (3)
Оккультизм и уфология (8)
Остальные рефераты (21692)
Педагогика (7850)
Политология (3801)
Право (682)
Право, юриспруденция (2881)
Предпринимательство (475)
Прикладные науки (1)
Промышленность, производство (7100)
Психология (8692)
психология, педагогика (4121)
Радиоэлектроника (443)
Реклама (952)
Религия и мифология (2967)
Риторика (23)
Сексология (748)
Социология (4876)
Статистика (95)
Страхование (107)
Строительные науки (7)
Строительство (2004)
Схемотехника (15)
Таможенная система (663)
Теория государства и права (240)
Теория организации (39)
Теплотехника (25)
Технология (624)
Товароведение (16)
Транспорт (2652)
Трудовое право (136)
Туризм (90)
Уголовное право и процесс (406)
Управление (95)
Управленческие науки (24)
Физика (3462)
Физкультура и спорт (4482)
Философия (7216)
Финансовые науки (4592)
Финансы (5386)
Фотография (3)
Химия (2244)
Хозяйственное право (23)
Цифровые устройства (29)
Экологическое право (35)
Экология (4517)
Экономика (20644)
Экономико-математическое моделирование (666)
Экономическая география (119)
Экономическая теория (2573)
Этика (889)
Юриспруденция (288)
Языковедение (148)
Языкознание, филология (1140)

Реферат: Gregor Johan Mendel Essay Research Paper Todd

Название: Gregor Johan Mendel Essay Research Paper Todd
Раздел: Топики по английскому языку
Тип: реферат Добавлен 14:47:34 12 ноября 2010 Похожие работы
Просмотров: 2 Комментариев: 13 Оценило: 2 человек Средний балл: 5 Оценка: неизвестно     Скачать

Gregor Johan Mendel Essay, Research Paper

Todd Paoletti

Per 6

Mrs. Azevedo

Gregor Johann Mendel

Gregor Johann Mendel was born in 1822 in Heinzendorf, Moravia. It is now the

Czech Republic. When he was 22, he entered the Augustinian Monastery of St. Thomas at


The Augustinian monastery was established in Moravia in 1350. The monks at the

monastery included philosophers, a musicologist, mathematicians, mineralogists and

botanists who all liked scientific research and teaching. The library contained very old

religious books, as well as books dealing with problems in the sciences. The monastery

also held a huge mineral collection and had an experimental botanical garden and a

herbarium (whatever that is). It was in that monastery, Mendel later wrote, that his

preference for the natural sciences was developed.

After becoming an ordained to priesthood, Mendel was assigned to pastoral duties.

But, it soon became apparent that he was more interested in teaching and science. He was

sent to a secondary school in the city of Znaim and the students liked him. But, when he

took the qualifying state examination for his teaching certificate, he failed. It was

recommended that Mendel not retake the examination for at least a year and his Abbot

brought him back to Brunn where he taught part-time. The Abbot, amazed at Mendel’s

knowledge in science, sent him to the University of Vienna in order to improve his skills

for his reexamination. Mendel spent four terms in Vienna (1851- 1853) where he attended

lectures and seminars in natural sciences and mathematics. It was there that he acquired

the scientific skills which he would use to apply to his later experiments. Mendel returned

to his monastery, and continued to teach in Brunn in 1854. When, two years later, he

attempted to get his teaching certification, he became ill and withdrew (yeah right!). He

did not try again to take the examination, but continued to teach part-time and was devote

to his research.

Soon after his return from the University of Vienna, Mendel began his

experiments. Using 34 different kinds of peas (which, by the way had to be tested for their

genetic purity), he tried to determine whether it was possible to obtain new types of peas

by “crossbreeding”. Around this time, everyone thought that only the male contributed to

the traits of the subject, but Mendel thought that genes were contributed by both the male

and female. He eventually established two principles of heredity that are now well know as

the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment. He became the first

to understand the importance of a statistical experiment and to apply a knowledge of

mathematics to his biological problem.

Mendel’s findings on plant hybridization were presented in two lectures before the

Society for the Natural Sciences in Brunn in 1865. The paper was “Versuche uber

Pfanzenhybriden” (no, I don’t know what that means). The guys in this club, all laughed at

Mendel, and they didn’t think any of his information was correct. It was still published in

the Society’s Proceedings in 1866 and sent to 133 other groups of natural scientists and to

the more important libraries in a number of different countries. His work, however, was

largely ignored until, in the spring of 1900, three botanists, Hugo de Vries (Holland), Carl

Correns (Germany) and E. von Tschermak (Austria) reported independent verifications of

Mendel’s work which amounted to a rediscovery of his first principle. Now, everyone was

kicking themselves for not listening to Mendel. It was then that Mendel’s work was

recognized. His work gave birth to a new branch of biology – genetics.

Mendel was not mad that his work was ignored for so long. Disappointment never

affected him even as he pondered other problems and applied mathematical methods to his

work in horticulture, apiculture (?), meteorology, astronomy and other branches of

science. Just before his death on January 6, 1884, he commented: “My scientific labors

have brought me a great deal of satisfaction, and I am convinced that before long the

entire world will praise the result of my labors”. This guy has a pretty good life story I


The End…………………………………………..By: Todd Michael Paoletti

(bibliography supplied upon request!)

Оценить/Добавить комментарий
Привет студентам) если возникают трудности с любой работой (от реферата и контрольных до диплома), можете обратиться на FAST-REFERAT.RU , я там обычно заказываю, все качественно и в срок) в любом случае попробуйте, за спрос денег не берут)
Olya23:36:06 28 августа 2019
.23:36:05 28 августа 2019
.23:36:04 28 августа 2019
.23:36:04 28 августа 2019
.23:36:02 28 августа 2019

Смотреть все комментарии (13)
Работы, похожие на Реферат: Gregor Johan Mendel Essay Research Paper Todd

Станете ли вы заказывать работу за деньги, если не найдете ее в Интернете?

Да, в любом случае.
Да, но только в случае крайней необходимости.
Возможно, в зависимости от цены.
Нет, напишу его сам.
Нет, забью.

Комментарии (3467)
Copyright © 2005-2020 BestReferat.ru support@bestreferat.ru реклама на сайте