Банк рефератов содержит более 364 тысяч рефератов, курсовых и дипломных работ, шпаргалок и докладов по различным дисциплинам: истории, психологии, экономике, менеджменту, философии, праву, экологии. А также изложения, сочинения по литературе, отчеты по практике, топики по английскому.
Полнотекстовый поиск
Всего работ:
364139
Теги названий
Разделы
Авиация и космонавтика (304)
Административное право (123)
Арбитражный процесс (23)
Архитектура (113)
Астрология (4)
Астрономия (4814)
Банковское дело (5227)
Безопасность жизнедеятельности (2616)
Биографии (3423)
Биология (4214)
Биология и химия (1518)
Биржевое дело (68)
Ботаника и сельское хоз-во (2836)
Бухгалтерский учет и аудит (8269)
Валютные отношения (50)
Ветеринария (50)
Военная кафедра (762)
ГДЗ (2)
География (5275)
Геодезия (30)
Геология (1222)
Геополитика (43)
Государство и право (20403)
Гражданское право и процесс (465)
Делопроизводство (19)
Деньги и кредит (108)
ЕГЭ (173)
Естествознание (96)
Журналистика (899)
ЗНО (54)
Зоология (34)
Издательское дело и полиграфия (476)
Инвестиции (106)
Иностранный язык (62791)
Информатика (3562)
Информатика, программирование (6444)
Исторические личности (2165)
История (21319)
История техники (766)
Кибернетика (64)
Коммуникации и связь (3145)
Компьютерные науки (60)
Косметология (17)
Краеведение и этнография (588)
Краткое содержание произведений (1000)
Криминалистика (106)
Криминология (48)
Криптология (3)
Кулинария (1167)
Культура и искусство (8485)
Культурология (537)
Литература : зарубежная (2044)
Литература и русский язык (11657)
Логика (532)
Логистика (21)
Маркетинг (7985)
Математика (3721)
Медицина, здоровье (10549)
Медицинские науки (88)
Международное публичное право (58)
Международное частное право (36)
Международные отношения (2257)
Менеджмент (12491)
Металлургия (91)
Москвоведение (797)
Музыка (1338)
Муниципальное право (24)
Налоги, налогообложение (214)
Наука и техника (1141)
Начертательная геометрия (3)
Оккультизм и уфология (8)
Остальные рефераты (21692)
Педагогика (7850)
Политология (3801)
Право (682)
Право, юриспруденция (2881)
Предпринимательство (475)
Прикладные науки (1)
Промышленность, производство (7100)
Психология (8692)
психология, педагогика (4121)
Радиоэлектроника (443)
Реклама (952)
Религия и мифология (2967)
Риторика (23)
Сексология (748)
Социология (4876)
Статистика (95)
Страхование (107)
Строительные науки (7)
Строительство (2004)
Схемотехника (15)
Таможенная система (663)
Теория государства и права (240)
Теория организации (39)
Теплотехника (25)
Технология (624)
Товароведение (16)
Транспорт (2652)
Трудовое право (136)
Туризм (90)
Уголовное право и процесс (406)
Управление (95)
Управленческие науки (24)
Физика (3462)
Физкультура и спорт (4482)
Философия (7216)
Финансовые науки (4592)
Финансы (5386)
Фотография (3)
Химия (2244)
Хозяйственное право (23)
Цифровые устройства (29)
Экологическое право (35)
Экология (4517)
Экономика (20644)
Экономико-математическое моделирование (666)
Экономическая география (119)
Экономическая теория (2573)
Этика (889)
Юриспруденция (288)
Языковедение (148)
Языкознание, филология (1140)

Реферат: Protect Your Intellectual Property Essay Research Paper

Название: Protect Your Intellectual Property Essay Research Paper
Раздел: Топики по английскому языку
Тип: реферат Добавлен 15:01:04 28 октября 2010 Похожие работы
Просмотров: 22 Комментариев: 13 Оценило: 2 человек Средний балл: 5 Оценка: неизвестно     Скачать

Protect Your Intellectual Property Essay, Research Paper

Like it or not, engineers are now responsible for much of the success of a product. You can expect this trend to continue in the electronics industry, so engineers must become more involved with documenting and promoting the protection of intellectual property (IP) associated with a given product. Intellectual property includes, among other things, designs, software listings, manufacturing techniques, and testing procedures.

Engineers need to think more about how they can help protect IP by using one or more legal means, patents, copyrights, trademarks, or trade secrets. Each type of protection offers its own advantages and disadvantages.

To start, you can think of the range of protection as forming a pyramid.

The intellectual-property protection “pyramid” illustrates the levels of protection from the lowest “trade secrets” to the highest “patents”.

Trade secrets provide broad protection, they have severe limits. The information must in fact be secret and the owner must take action to preserve this secrecy.

Moving up the IP pyramid leads to copyrights, which cover works of authorship in program listings, graphic designs, schematic diagrams, and so on. A copyright gives the copyright owner an exclusive right to:

· Reproduce the work,

· Prepare derivative work,

· Distribute copies of the work,

· Display the work in public.

Unfortunately for the electronics industry, copyright protection does not cover any idea, procedure, process, or concept described or illustrated in the copyrighted work. Thus, while copyrights may protect actual schematics, program listings, and so on, a copyright won’t protect the ideas in these documents.

If you can’t protect your ideas with a copyright, you might at least consider how to brand, or mark them, so people know they originate from your company. A copyright protects only direct copying of an original artistic work, whereas a trademark can protect names, symbols, or other indications of a product’s source or quality. By obtaining a trademark, the owner obtains the right to exclude others from using marks, which might tend to confuse the public. The use of a similar, deceptive, or misleading mark may lead to legal action by the trademark owner.

Unfortunately, most engineers in the electronics industry fail to recognise that a trademark may provide the distinction that helps customers recognise a product and thus push it to the forefront in a market

For the ultimate in protection of IP, you’ll need to rely on a patent. Patents represent the top of the IP pyramid because they provide for the prohibition of the sale, manufacture, import, or use of a device that is covered by the patent. To provide as much coverage as possible, a well-written patent stakes out as broad an area of product coverage as possible. The key to a broad patent is a properly written technical description, or disclosure, of the invention.

The disclosure should include sufficient detail for a person skilled in the pertinent art to make and use the invention, but the disclosure does not have to include a complete set of blueprints or source code. Flowcharts, block diagrams, and functional data-flow diagrams, along with text describing each step of the process or how the invention works, suffice to “enable” the invention in the patenting sense. For most inventors, writing the disclosure proves somewhat difficult, since they know too much about their invention. Assume that someone with a basic technical background will read the disclosure and write your disclosure at that level.

The patenting process begins with the preparation and filing of a patent application, which includes drawings and a written description of the invention as well as claims that distinctly point out what the invention includes.

The names on a patent, or the person or company assigned the patent, determine who has the rights to exclude others from infringing the patent. Without any agreement to the contrary, joint owners of a patent may make, use, or sell the patented invention without the consent of and without accounting to the other owners. Therefore, you should have a written agreement between individual inventors who collaborate on a patent to ensure that proceeds get equitably distributed to all the inventors.

Many people complain about the cost of the patenting process—in terms of time, effort, and expense. Remember, though, that the higher-cost patent generally provides more protection than the other methods. Carefully written technical disclosures and well-drafted claims require both technical and legal competence.

How do you get protection

The UK Patent Office accepts applications and grants rights in each of these areas, but patents valid in the UK can also be obtained from , The European Patent Office (EPO) and registered trade marks valid in the UK can be obtained from the Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (OHIM). You should note that for security reasons an application to the EPO has to be cleared by the UK Patent Office first. You will find the relevant forms in the appendix.

Contact Details

Trade mark enquiries should be made to our Enquiry Unit on:

Telephone

UK callers: 08459 500 505 (charged at local rate)

International callers: +44 (0)1633 813930

Text phone: 08459 222 250

Fax: +44 (0)1633 813600

In summary, the engineer of today is in the enviable position of being at the forefront of technology and simultaneously being more responsibility for the IP protection of the products, which are the product of his/her intellectual efforts. Whiles in the past engineers have shunned much of the sales/marketing areas connected with the product development cycle. The area of promoting the IP protection of a product line is one in which engineers can directly contribute to the bottom line, by ensuring that once a product is developed it is adequately protected from copying by competitors. This additional responsibility represents both a challenge and an opportunity to expand the intellectual frontiers of engineers.

References

http://www.tmworld.com/

http://www.patent.gov.uk/

http://www.intellectual-property.gov.uk/

http://www.ukonline.gov.uk/

http://vision.unn.ac.uk/ciod/students/shared/essaytip.html#Essay Format

1007 Words

Оценить/Добавить комментарий
Имя
Оценка
Комментарии:
Привет студентам) если возникают трудности с любой работой (от реферата и контрольных до диплома), можете обратиться на FAST-REFERAT.RU , я там обычно заказываю, все качественно и в срок) в любом случае попробуйте, за спрос денег не берут)
Olya23:29:39 28 августа 2019
.
.23:29:38 28 августа 2019
.
.23:29:38 28 августа 2019
.
.23:29:37 28 августа 2019
.
.23:29:36 28 августа 2019

Смотреть все комментарии (13)
Работы, похожие на Реферат: Protect Your Intellectual Property Essay Research Paper

Назад
Меню
Главная
Рефераты
Благодарности
Опрос
Станете ли вы заказывать работу за деньги, если не найдете ее в Интернете?

Да, в любом случае.
Да, но только в случае крайней необходимости.
Возможно, в зависимости от цены.
Нет, напишу его сам.
Нет, забью.



Результаты(258464)
Комментарии (3475)
Copyright © 2005-2020 BestReferat.ru support@bestreferat.ru реклама на сайте

Рейтинг@Mail.ru