Банк рефератов содержит более 364 тысяч рефератов, курсовых и дипломных работ, шпаргалок и докладов по различным дисциплинам: истории, психологии, экономике, менеджменту, философии, праву, экологии. А также изложения, сочинения по литературе, отчеты по практике, топики по английскому.
Полнотекстовый поиск
Всего работ:
Теги названий
Авиация и космонавтика (304)
Административное право (123)
Арбитражный процесс (23)
Архитектура (113)
Астрология (4)
Астрономия (4814)
Банковское дело (5227)
Безопасность жизнедеятельности (2616)
Биографии (3423)
Биология (4214)
Биология и химия (1518)
Биржевое дело (68)
Ботаника и сельское хоз-во (2836)
Бухгалтерский учет и аудит (8269)
Валютные отношения (50)
Ветеринария (50)
Военная кафедра (762)
ГДЗ (2)
География (5275)
Геодезия (30)
Геология (1222)
Геополитика (43)
Государство и право (20403)
Гражданское право и процесс (465)
Делопроизводство (19)
Деньги и кредит (108)
ЕГЭ (173)
Естествознание (96)
Журналистика (899)
ЗНО (54)
Зоология (34)
Издательское дело и полиграфия (476)
Инвестиции (106)
Иностранный язык (62791)
Информатика (3562)
Информатика, программирование (6444)
Исторические личности (2165)
История (21319)
История техники (766)
Кибернетика (64)
Коммуникации и связь (3145)
Компьютерные науки (60)
Косметология (17)
Краеведение и этнография (588)
Краткое содержание произведений (1000)
Криминалистика (106)
Криминология (48)
Криптология (3)
Кулинария (1167)
Культура и искусство (8485)
Культурология (537)
Литература : зарубежная (2044)
Литература и русский язык (11657)
Логика (532)
Логистика (21)
Маркетинг (7985)
Математика (3721)
Медицина, здоровье (10549)
Медицинские науки (88)
Международное публичное право (58)
Международное частное право (36)
Международные отношения (2257)
Менеджмент (12491)
Металлургия (91)
Москвоведение (797)
Музыка (1338)
Муниципальное право (24)
Налоги, налогообложение (214)
Наука и техника (1141)
Начертательная геометрия (3)
Оккультизм и уфология (8)
Остальные рефераты (21692)
Педагогика (7850)
Политология (3801)
Право (682)
Право, юриспруденция (2881)
Предпринимательство (475)
Прикладные науки (1)
Промышленность, производство (7100)
Психология (8692)
психология, педагогика (4121)
Радиоэлектроника (443)
Реклама (952)
Религия и мифология (2967)
Риторика (23)
Сексология (748)
Социология (4876)
Статистика (95)
Страхование (107)
Строительные науки (7)
Строительство (2004)
Схемотехника (15)
Таможенная система (663)
Теория государства и права (240)
Теория организации (39)
Теплотехника (25)
Технология (624)
Товароведение (16)
Транспорт (2652)
Трудовое право (136)
Туризм (90)
Уголовное право и процесс (406)
Управление (95)
Управленческие науки (24)
Физика (3462)
Физкультура и спорт (4482)
Философия (7216)
Финансовые науки (4592)
Финансы (5386)
Фотография (3)
Химия (2244)
Хозяйственное право (23)
Цифровые устройства (29)
Экологическое право (35)
Экология (4517)
Экономика (20644)
Экономико-математическое моделирование (666)
Экономическая география (119)
Экономическая теория (2573)
Этика (889)
Юриспруденция (288)
Языковедение (148)
Языкознание, филология (1140)

Реферат: Renaissance Music Essay Research Paper Music During

Название: Renaissance Music Essay Research Paper Music During
Раздел: Топики по английскому языку
Тип: реферат Добавлен 04:35:38 01 ноября 2010 Похожие работы
Просмотров: 2 Комментариев: 8 Оценило: 2 человек Средний балл: 5 Оценка: неизвестно     Скачать

Renaissance Music Essay, Research Paper

Music During the Renaissance

The vocal forms of the Renaissance were marked by smoothly gliding melodies conceived for the voice. This period of time has been regarded as the golden age of the a cappella style, which means a vocal work without instrumental accompaniment. It’s polyphony was based on a principle called continuous imitation, a style in which the motives move from line to line within the texture, often overlapping one another. As a result, the same theme or motive was heard now in the soprano or alto, and in the tenor or the bass. There resulted a close knit musical fabric capable of the most subtle and varied effects.

Most church music was written in a cappella style. Secular music was divided between purely vocal works and those in which the signers were supported by instruments. The period also saw the growth of solo instrumental music, especially for the lute and the keyboard instruments. In harmony, the Renaissance leaned toward fuller chords. There was turning away from the parallel fifths and octaves favored by Medieval composers to the pleasing thirds and sixths; also a greater use of dissonance was linked with the text, although in sacred music this tendency was carefully controlled. Species counterpoint was now invented, to help students learn counterpoint. Counterpoint is the study of setting independent melodies against each other. The word counterpoint comes from the Latin word Contra – Punctum – which means ” Against a point” or in other words, ” point against point” or ” note against note” . Counterpoint therefore is a horizontal medium and is not like harmony, which is considered more of a vertical concept. Renaissance counterpoint was the best example of clear melody writing, with minimal use of consance – chords one, five and the octave and more use of the dissonance – the sixth and third chord. All melodies were built above or below the cantus firmus- a fixed melody. Now being able to compose for other purposes rather than just for the church, composers asserted themselves as creative artists, not simply church functionaries.

Scared Music

Music played a prominent part in the ritual of the church. There were several types of music of church services in addition to the Gregorian chant; these include polyphonic settings of the Mass, motets and hymns. These were normally based on counterpoint and, especially in the early sixteenth century, on preexistent music. The mass was the central service of the Roman church. Of the Masses for special services, the most important is the Mass for the Dead, the Requiem. Included are prayers in keeping with the solemnity of the occasion. The history of the Mass as an art form extends over the better part of eight hundred years. In that time, it gernered for itself some of the greatest music ever written. The Renaissance motet now became a sacred form with a single Latin text, for use in the Mass and other religious services. These works were in three of four voices, sometimes based on a chant or other cantus firmus. One of the greatest masters of the Renaissance motet was the Franco Flemish composer Josquin Desprez.

During this time, Musicians of the sixteenth century were supported many the chief institutions of their society – the church, city and state as well as royal and aristocratic courts. As the influence of the art spread, professional possibilities widened. There was a corresponding growth in a number of basic musical institutions. There were also increased opportunities for apprentices to study with master singers, players and instrument builders. The rise of the merchant class brought with it a new group of patrons of music. When the printing press was made available to music in the early sixteenth century, printed music books became available – and affordable. This in turn made possible the rise of the great publishing houses. As a result, there was a dramatic upsurge of musical literacy.

The secular music of the Renaissance was intended for both the professional and the amateur. With the rise of the merchant class , music making in the home became increasing popular. Most prosperous homes had a lute or a keyboard instrument. The study of music was important for girls and to a lesser degree boys. Women began to play a prominent part in the performance of music both in the home and in the court. Dance was also increasingly poplar. The instruments to be used in these dance arrangements were determined by the particular occasion. Outdoor performances called for loud instruments such as the shawm and sackbut ( Medieval oboe and trombone). For certain civic occasions, soft instruments such as the recorder and bowed strings were preferred. Although percussion parts were not written out in Renaissance music, the evidence suggests that they were improvised at the performance. In the courts taffle music was often played, that is table music, the people of the court would often dance after their dinner. There were a number of dance types that were popular. The stately court dance known as the pavane often served as the first number of a set, followed by one or more quicker dances, such as the Italian saltarell ( jumping dance) and the French galliard. The allemande, or German dance was popular during the Baroque and finally the ronde, or round dance, a lively dance associated with the outdoors.

In the 1600 century, towards the end of the Renaissance period. This time bristled discussions about le nouve musiche, ” the new music”, and what its adherents proudly named ” the expressive style”

. They soon realized that this representative style could be applied not only to a poem but to an entire drama. In this way, they were led to what many regard as the single most important achievement of the ending Renaissance music and early Baroque music : the invention of Opera.

Оценить/Добавить комментарий
Мне с моими работами постоянно помогают на FAST-REFERAT.RU - можете просто зайти узнать стоимость, никто вас ни к чему не обязывает, там впринципе всё могут сделать, вне зависимости от уровня сложности) у меня просто парень электронщик там какой то, тоже там бывает заказывает))
FAST-REFERAT.RU19:46:06 08 декабря 2018
Спасибо, Оксаночка, за совет))) Заказал курсач, отчет по практике, 2 реферата и дипломную на REFERAT.GQ , все сдал на отлично, и нервы не пришлось тратить)
Алексей23:13:04 15 июля 2018Оценка: 5 - Отлично
Я обычно любые готовые работы покупаю на сайте shop-referat.tk , и свои все там же на продажу выставляю, неплохой доп.заработок. А если там не нахожу то уже на referat.gq заказываю и мне быстро делают.
Оксана16:06:33 11 июня 2018Оценка: 5 - Отлично
Хватит париться. На сайте REFERAT.GQ вам сделают любой реферат, курсовую или дипломную. Сам пользуюсь, и вам советую.
Студент02:23:15 10 июня 2018
Реферат на тему: Как заработать в интернете на halyava.125mb.com
Duke Nukem23:19:48 08 октября 2017

Смотреть все комментарии (8)
Работы, похожие на Реферат: Renaissance Music Essay Research Paper Music During

Станете ли вы заказывать работу за деньги, если не найдете ее в Интернете?

Да, в любом случае.
Да, но только в случае крайней необходимости.
Возможно, в зависимости от цены.
Нет, напишу его сам.
Нет, забью.

Комментарии (3468)
Copyright © 2005-2020 BestReferat.ru support@bestreferat.ru реклама на сайте