Банк рефератов содержит более 364 тысяч рефератов, курсовых и дипломных работ, шпаргалок и докладов по различным дисциплинам: истории, психологии, экономике, менеджменту, философии, праву, экологии. А также изложения, сочинения по литературе, отчеты по практике, топики по английскому.
Полнотекстовый поиск
Всего работ:
Теги названий
Авиация и космонавтика (304)
Административное право (123)
Арбитражный процесс (23)
Архитектура (113)
Астрология (4)
Астрономия (4814)
Банковское дело (5227)
Безопасность жизнедеятельности (2616)
Биографии (3423)
Биология (4214)
Биология и химия (1518)
Биржевое дело (68)
Ботаника и сельское хоз-во (2836)
Бухгалтерский учет и аудит (8269)
Валютные отношения (50)
Ветеринария (50)
Военная кафедра (762)
ГДЗ (2)
География (5275)
Геодезия (30)
Геология (1222)
Геополитика (43)
Государство и право (20403)
Гражданское право и процесс (465)
Делопроизводство (19)
Деньги и кредит (108)
ЕГЭ (173)
Естествознание (96)
Журналистика (899)
ЗНО (54)
Зоология (34)
Издательское дело и полиграфия (476)
Инвестиции (106)
Иностранный язык (62791)
Информатика (3562)
Информатика, программирование (6444)
Исторические личности (2165)
История (21319)
История техники (766)
Кибернетика (64)
Коммуникации и связь (3145)
Компьютерные науки (60)
Косметология (17)
Краеведение и этнография (588)
Краткое содержание произведений (1000)
Криминалистика (106)
Криминология (48)
Криптология (3)
Кулинария (1167)
Культура и искусство (8485)
Культурология (537)
Литература : зарубежная (2044)
Литература и русский язык (11657)
Логика (532)
Логистика (21)
Маркетинг (7985)
Математика (3721)
Медицина, здоровье (10549)
Медицинские науки (88)
Международное публичное право (58)
Международное частное право (36)
Международные отношения (2257)
Менеджмент (12491)
Металлургия (91)
Москвоведение (797)
Музыка (1338)
Муниципальное право (24)
Налоги, налогообложение (214)
Наука и техника (1141)
Начертательная геометрия (3)
Оккультизм и уфология (8)
Остальные рефераты (21692)
Педагогика (7850)
Политология (3801)
Право (682)
Право, юриспруденция (2881)
Предпринимательство (475)
Прикладные науки (1)
Промышленность, производство (7100)
Психология (8692)
психология, педагогика (4121)
Радиоэлектроника (443)
Реклама (952)
Религия и мифология (2967)
Риторика (23)
Сексология (748)
Социология (4876)
Статистика (95)
Страхование (107)
Строительные науки (7)
Строительство (2004)
Схемотехника (15)
Таможенная система (663)
Теория государства и права (240)
Теория организации (39)
Теплотехника (25)
Технология (624)
Товароведение (16)
Транспорт (2652)
Трудовое право (136)
Туризм (90)
Уголовное право и процесс (406)
Управление (95)
Управленческие науки (24)
Физика (3462)
Физкультура и спорт (4482)
Философия (7216)
Финансовые науки (4592)
Финансы (5386)
Фотография (3)
Химия (2244)
Хозяйственное право (23)
Цифровые устройства (29)
Экологическое право (35)
Экология (4517)
Экономика (20644)
Экономико-математическое моделирование (666)
Экономическая география (119)
Экономическая теория (2573)
Этика (889)
Юриспруденция (288)
Языковедение (148)
Языкознание, филология (1140)

Реферат: The Farming Of The Bones Essay Research

Название: The Farming Of The Bones Essay Research
Раздел: Топики по английскому языку
Тип: реферат Добавлен 08:16:18 26 октября 2010 Похожие работы
Просмотров: 1 Комментариев: 12 Оценило: 2 человек Средний балл: 5 Оценка: неизвестно     Скачать

The Farming Of The Bones Essay, Research Paper

Towards the end of Edwidge Danticat’s new novel The Farming of Bones, a man says “Famous men never truly die… It is only those nameless and faceless who vanish like smoke in the early morning air.” The time is 1937, the place the island which Haiti and The Dominican Republic share. Through the eyes of the narrator, a Haitian woman named Amabelle working as a domestic servant in the Dominican Republic, we have just seen scores of Haitians massacred in an outbreak of pure xenophobic malevolence orchestrated by the Domincan Republic’s leader, General Rafael Trujillo. None of those killed is anyone famous, nearly all the slaughtered are poor Haitians working as cheap labor in the neighboring country, but Amabelle’s story serves to refute those words spoken about the nameless and faceless of the earth. In this book, they are remembered, and in her story they do have names and faces.

The Farming of Bones is a term the Haitian field workers use to describe their life of cutting cane. While Amabelle is fortunate enough to be working as a household servant to a wealthy Dominican family, most of her friends toil for the sugar mill owners. They have left Haiti and come to the Dominican Republic because their job prospects at home are even bleaker than in their adopted country. And so this book is very much about exile, what it means to live in one place and yearn for another.

Amabelle’s lover Sebastian says, “Sometimes the people in the fields, when they’re tired and angry, they say we’re an orphaned people….They say we are the burnt crud at the bottom of the pot. They say some people don’t belong anywhere and that’s us. I say we are a group of vwayaje, wayfarers.”

Not only the poor and desperate for work are living in exile; so is the patriach of the household Amabelle lives in. Born in Spain to a comfortable family, he has somehow landed in the Caribbean, having fought “for colonies with Los Estados Unidos” in the Spanish-American War of 1898. Now, he sits every night by his radio listening to bulletins from Spain about the Civil War raging there. And Amabelle can sympathize with him. She says, “Like me, Papi had been displaced from his native land; he felt himself the orphaned child of a now orphaned people. Perhaps this was why he often seemed more kindly disposed to the strangers for whom this side of the island had not always been home.”

Exile increases the poignancy of memory, and nearly everyone in this book is obsessed with remembering things. Amabelle constantly thinks of her parents who drowned in a river when she was young. She sees them in dreams when they come alive again for her, talks of them to her lover who in turn talks to her of his childhood memories of Haiti. Poor though they are, there is a sense of community among all the displaced Haitians, and one of their priests, Father Romain, emphasizes how important this is: “In his sermons to the Haitian congregants of the valley he often reminded everyone of common ties: language, foods, history, carnival, songs, tales, and prayers. His creed was one of memory, how remembering–though sometimes painful–can make you strong.”

Not strong enough, though. Violence erupts very quickly, about halfway through the book, and Amabelle has to flee. Along with four or five others, she abruptly leaves everything behind and treks through the mountains to try to make her way back to Haiti. It is a journey that will be perilous and bring much grief to Amabelle…

Sad and powerful, The Farming of Bones is a beautifully written book. Edwidge Danticat has an effortless style that seems as natural as a flowing stream. Her simple but sensuous language brings her tropical world to life; one can feel the heat, see the luxuriant colors, taste the spicy foods. The tone of her narrator remains level throughout, and this understated directness, even in the face of brutality and horror, adds to the story’s effectiveness. Her Amabelle is a flesh and blood woman, no mouthpiece for any kind of cant. We share in her joys and sorrows, her dreams, memories, and day to day struggles. Edwidge Danticat has chosen to write about a real event, the Haitian massacre of 1937, from the point of view of one “small” person and from this has etched an indelible work of art. Highly recommended.

Оценить/Добавить комментарий
Привет студентам) если возникают трудности с любой работой (от реферата и контрольных до диплома), можете обратиться на FAST-REFERAT.RU , я там обычно заказываю, все качественно и в срок) в любом случае попробуйте, за спрос денег не берут)
Olya03:29:27 27 августа 2019
.03:29:26 27 августа 2019
.03:29:25 27 августа 2019
.03:29:25 27 августа 2019
.03:29:24 27 августа 2019

Смотреть все комментарии (12)
Работы, похожие на Реферат: The Farming Of The Bones Essay Research

Станете ли вы заказывать работу за деньги, если не найдете ее в Интернете?

Да, в любом случае.
Да, но только в случае крайней необходимости.
Возможно, в зависимости от цены.
Нет, напишу его сам.
Нет, забью.

Комментарии (3481)
Copyright © 2005-2020 BestReferat.ru support@bestreferat.ru реклама на сайте