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Реферат: Behavior Of Children Essay Research Paper The

Название: Behavior Of Children Essay Research Paper The
Раздел: Топики по английскому языку
Тип: реферат Добавлен 11:56:04 04 ноября 2010 Похожие работы
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Behavior Of Children Essay, Research Paper

The behavior children exhibit is influenced by environmental

conditions, however to a lesser extent than the biological factors that

influence behavior, unless the child is severely abused. The environmental

factors have a limited impact when it comes to how a certain individual will

behave when faced with certain conditions. Children may be taught how to

react in certain situations, but just because they see a violent movie or play a

violent video game they are not going to go to school armed to the teeth with

explosives and guns. For people to commit the kinds of actions exhibited in

Columbine Colorado, there has to be some kind of mental dysfunction, not

determined or affected by environmental conditions, driving these

individuals. Therefor, further censorship of television, movies, and video

games is ridiculous and will accomplish nothing.

Environmental conditions such as televison do influence the behavior

of children to a certain extent. Beth Daley brings up the topic of the

emulation of professional wrestling in her article ?Elementary School?s

Wrestling Children and Youth School Violence.? Teachers seem to be

concerned because wrestling it is so easy to emulate. In her article, Ms.

Daley notes the actions of the faculty of Prescott Elementary School in

Norwood by stating that they, ?forbid the pupils form coping wrestling

moves on school grounds.? She also states that ?teachers are trained to

recognize pro wrestling hand signals that double as curse words (Daley).?

This indicates that under certain conditions, environmental conditions, such

as television, can strongly influence the behavior of children. However, it

does not drive them to intentionally harm others. Sparing, inspired by pro

wrestling, can create situations in which injury and anger are a possibility,

thereby leading to actual violence. Television and video games do not

directly influence individuals to intentionally harm others or commit other

violent acts.

Genetic factors play a more important role in determining if an

individual will be prone to violence than do environmental factors. Glenn

Garelik states that, ? scientists who study all types of criminals?from

muggers, murders, and school yard bullies to Armani clad

embezzlers?increasingly suspect that biology plays a more significant role.?

He also states that ?many researchers now believe that the reason one

individual commits a crime in a given instance and another person doesn?t

may have as much to do with neurological, hormonal, and even anatomical

differences as it does with differences in upbringing and environment ?, in

his article ?Born Bad?.? He also states that ?its hard to find any form of

behavior that does not have some biological component (Garelik).? These

two statements back up the idea that biology, not environment, is the key

factor in determining behavior. Another obvious clue that biology is the

major driving force behind violent behavior is the fact that ?throughout

history, crime and violence have occurred in all cultures, no matter how

different their social and economic structures (Garelik).? ?Another simple

fact pointing to a biological basis for violence and criminality is that in all

societies, about ninety percent of violent criminals are men?many of them

young (Garelik).? This further supports the point of biology influencing

behavior by stating that the cause seems to be hormonal.

Children are born with a temperament, this can be easily observed.

Some children are shy, others may be ambitious, some aggressive, etcetera.

While there is no crime gene, this suggests that if an individual is going to

be a violent individual, it is determined before birth. As would be expected,

children who are overly aggressive, for example children who bite and

exhibit cruelty to animals, are much more likely to commit violent acts in

the later periods in their lives.

Unfortunately, violence seems to perpetuate itself, violent parents and

teachers who raise children in a violent setting are, in effect, producing

violent members of society. Don Colburn states in his article, ?When

Violence Begins at Home?, that ?Twenty-six percent of American teenagers

have been hit or physically harmed by an adult at home and another ten

percent struck by a teacher or principal at school, according to the latest

Gallup youth pole. Half of teens said they had been hit or beaten by

someone their own age.? He also states that ?today many of our young

people are at great risk in places where they in all exception should feel the

safest?at school and home (Colburn).? Through the abuse of children,

society, mainly disciplinary figures, is causing children who would not

under normal circumstances become violent individuals, to become violent.

Children emulate what they see and experience, therefor if they are abused,

they will become abusive.

The path to a more peaceful society does not lie in the censorship of

the media, but through the early identification and treatment of problems in

children. The abusive tendencies shown by parents must also stop in order

to reduce the violent nature of society. Through the treatment of children

and even some adults, incidents like the Columbine tragedy can be avoided.

Bibliography



Colburn, Don. ?When Violence Begins at Home.? The Washington Post. 1994. Ebsco Host.

01 Mar. 2000.

Garelik, Glenn. ?Born Bad?.? American Health Magazine. 13 Nov. 1993. SIRS.

01 Mar. 2000.

Daley, Beth. ?Elementary School?s Wrestling Children and Youth School Violence.?

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