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:

:
:
: 06:56:31 01 2005
: 323 : 2 : 0 : 0 :    

H



. ..




"H H H

HH H"


p: H..

: ..

. -1304


, 1994


p p


.


p, p p .


p p pp p


p p


p. p


p pp


p p


p.


p p p :


p, p


p, p - p


p p p


p. p p pp,


p :


1. p p ,


p, p, p


p ( pp,


, , .. p p ), p


p p


(pp), ,


p. p p


, p pp.


- 2 -


2. p p


- ;


p


, ..


. pp - p


p p.


- p p;


- p.


p p,


.. pp ,


pp , - p.


p p


p p p


p p


p . p


p p p p p


p p p .


p p p


p p


p p


,


- 3 -


p p p. p


p p


p p p .


p p p pp:


p p p p


(p p p, p p,


, p);


pp ,


p p , pp p



p p.


p p p p p


p ( p).


pp p p


p p p p p -


p . p p p p


p p, p p


p (


p pp) p


p. p p p p


p p ( ' p),


p p


p p, ..


p - , p, p ..,


- 4 -


p.


p p p p


' : pp


p p,


p p p, p p


p, p p,


p p ppp.


p p p p


:


p p p


p p p p p;


p (p) p


p


p;


p p p p


(p ), p


.


p p :


p pp pp p


p p, p (p


p) ()


p.;


p p (p), p


- 5 -


p p;


p p p


p, p p p.


3. p p p.


4. p p p.


p , .. ,


, . , p p


p , p p p,


. H, p ,


p ,


p .


H p p p p. K


p p p,


pp p, pp


p p,


( ) , p p,


p p p


p . , p p


p p, p ( p


) p p p


p. , p


p pp p p


p p. p p.


- 6 -


, p p p,


p p p p p,


p p p p


p p p p p.


p. p , ,


p p ,.. p


p p p. Kp


p p


p ,


p p, p


p, p.


, p p,


p p , p .


p p , p


. Kp p p


p p ,


p p (


p) p p, p p


p p p, ,


.


p p


p p p p:


- 7 -


W

D S

Wc+----------------

| D = MRP

S |

|

-+-----------+--------------

0 Qc Q


K p, p -


Qc, p p , p, p p


p - Wc. H p p p


p p


p, p


p . ,


p p p p


:


W a

b

Wc+--------------- S = MRC

|

|

| d = mrp

-+---------------------

0 qc Q


- 8 -


p p


p , p p pp


(MRC) p p . K


p p


p p pp. p


p p p ,


p p MRC p p p


p (MRP). p


pp, MRP = MRC. H p p


p b p qc.


pp p p . H


p - ,


pp . - pp,


pp p pp, p


p .


H p, p p .


pp:


1. K ., .p - "", 2 .,


.: , 1992.


2. " p" p .. ..


M.: , 1991


3. ..p, ..p " p"


M.: , 1989










H







. ..堭















"H H H
HH H"

















p⥫: H..
믮: 롨᪨ ..
. -1304



᪢, 1994





⥬ ⨬㫨p p㤠 饥 p⭠

.  筨 襭 ﭨ

p, ᪮ ⠢ p ⢥p 室.

p⭠ p 㦠 pp⨩ p権

p⠢ ᮡ 䮭 㠫쭮 p

樮쭮 室 p. ᭮ p

室 p pp ᮮ⢥⢨

⢮ ⢮ p祭 p㤠 㠫묨

⨢묨 p⠬.

p㤠 襩 p p 㭪:

p,  筨 室 p⭨

襭 p, p㣮 - ᭮ p砣

p쭮 ⨬㫨p p 襭 ⨢

p⢠. p p pᬮp, 뤥

᫥騥 㭪樨 p⭮ :



1. ᯥ稢 p⢮ p祩 ᨫ, 묨 ᫮

p, 襭 ᫮ p⭨, p

p쭮 ( pp,

, , .. p p 室), p

p쭠 p

(pp), ⮡ ⠭ ᨫ, 室

p. p⭨ p

ᯨ뢠 ⥩, 騥 p㤮 pp.




- 2 -


2. p쭮 ⨬㫨p



- 襭 䨪樨;

⭨ pᮢ 襭 ᢮

䨪樨, .. ᮪ 䨪

稢. pp - pᮢ

᮪p p.



- 襭 p⥫쭮 p㤠;

- 襭 ⢠ p樨.

⢮ ⢮ p ⮢p,

.. pp뢭 易 ᮡ, ⮬

㭪 pᬮp , 裡 - p.

᭮ p ᮢp襭⢮ ᥩ ⥬

p樨 p⭮  ᯥ祭 pאַ

⪮ ⬮ p㤠 p⮢

宧⢥ ⥫쭮 p㤮 ⨢. p襭

⮩ 稢 p p p 롮p p樮쭮

p p ⥬ p⭮ .

p ⥬ p⭮ p⠢ ᮡ ᯮᮡ

⠭ ᨬ 稭 p⭮ p

⢠ ⢠ p祭 p㤠

ᮢ㯭 ⢥ ⢥ ⥫,

p p p㤠. ᭮ 祭 p

⥬ p㤠  ᯥ祭 p쭮

ᮮ⭮襭 p p㤠 p .


- 3 -


p ⥬ p⭮ p pp:

ᯮᮡ 業 p p㤠 p p㤠

(p p祥 p, p⠭ p,

㠫, ⨢ p);

pp 㭪樮쭮 ᨬ, ⠭

p p㤠 ⮩, pp樨 p⭮

ᨬ ⢥

⢥ p⮢ p㤠.

p⥫ﬨ p p㤠  p祥 p

⢮ ⮢ p樨 (믮 p権).

ᮮ⢨ ⨬ pp p᫥ p쭮

p⢠ p p p㤠 p -

p ᤥ쭠. p p p p㤠

㯠 p⠡⠭ p, p⮪ p祬

ᮮ⢥⢨ p䭮 ⠢ (室

p᢮ pp鸞) 䠪᪨ p⠭

p. p ᤥ쭮 p p㤠  p⠭

p稬 p (믮 ' p), ⮬

p⮪ pאַ ⢠ ⢠

p p樨, ..

p樨 - , p, p .., 室

⠭ ᤥ쭮 p業.

p 롮p ⮩ p ⥬ p㤠

室 뢠 '⨢ ᫮: pp



- 4 -



p塞 p㤮, ᮡ 孮᪨

pᮢ p樨 p⢠, p p樨

p㤠, p p樨, ᯮ짮

p㤮 p ppp.

p ᤥ쭮 p p㤠 楫ᮮp

᫥ ᫮:

稥 p ⥩ 㢥祭 p⪨ p樨

p ᮪p饭 p p p樨;

p (p) 㢥稢 p樨

p ⠡쭮 孮 ᮮ⢥饬 ⢥

p樨;

p p p⢠ 㢥祭 ᪠ p樨

⪥ (p祬 ), p ⥫

.

p 䥪⨢ p ᫥ ᫮:

p pp pp ⮬⨧p

⮬⨧p p⢠, p稩 (p㯯

p) 孮᪮ (設)

p.;

᮪ p p樨 (p), p

p⢥ p;

p祬 p쭮 㢥 p

p樨, p ⮫쪮 p樨 p.



- 5 -



3. 㫨p p뭮 p㤠.

4. 㫨p p쭮 p.

ᬮp 㭪 , .. 饬 ,

᪠, 饣. ⢥, p p

p ᫮, p⭨ p p,

. H, p⭠ ,

p 룮 ᫨誮 ,

p⠡쭮 ᭨.

H筥 pᬠ⥭ p⭮ p뭪 p㤠. K

 p㣮 p⭮ p뭪,

pp 訥 ⢠ ᨬ p, pp

ᮡ p ᫥ p,

( ) 䨪, p ⮬ p,

p稥 ⢫ p p뭮筮 ⠢

p⭮ . ⠪, p  p㣮

p⭮ p뭪, p᭠ 業 ( 砥 p⭠

)  窮 p祭 p p

p. ⮣ ᫥,  p᭮

p⭮ 㦭 ᭨ pp p p

p ⮬ p뭪. p p.

, p뭪 p㤠 p,

p p p p p㤠,

p뭮 p p㤠 p ⥬


- 6 -



㬬p p⠫ p p p.

p. ᬠp 㭪, ᪠,

p㥬 p뭮 ,.. p ⠪

p p㤠 뢠 ﭨ p. Kp

p p㤠 㤥

㢥祭 ⢠ p 뢠 ,

p ⢨ p, 騥 p 㦤

㢥稢 p, ⮡ p. 묨

᫮, 祬 p p, ⥬

p稥 pᮢ ⮬, ⮡ p .

易 p p ⥬, 뢠 p

饭 ⥩. Kp p p㤠 

⠪ p p 饭 ⥩ ⮬,

⠢ p⭮ ᥣ p뢠 (᫨

p蠥) p⨢ p⪨, p p稩

p뢠 p㣮 p, 譥 宧⢥,

.

⮡ p 業 p䨪

p p p p:




- 7 -




W
D S



Wc----------------
| D = MRP
S |
|

0 Qc Q



K p䨪, ⢮ p -

Qc, p᭠ p⭠ , p, p p

﫨 p稥 - Wc. H p⨪ p p뭪

祭 ⢮ p p 騬

⢮ p, ⮬ p

⠢ p⭮ . ⮣ ᫥,

p p ⤥쭮 p 㤥 ᮢp襭

筠:


W a



b
Wc S = MRC
|
|
| d = mrp

0 qc Q



- 8 -



᪮쪮 ⤥쭮 p⭮ p ⠢

p⭮ , p p pp

(MRC) ﭭ p ⠢ p⭮ . K

⥫ p稩 ᢮ ⠢ p⭮

騬 p p pp. p

ᨬp ᢮ p ⥬ p 窨,

p p MRC p p쭮 p

p (MRP).  p ᯮ짮

ppᮢ, MRP = MRC. H 襬 p䨪 ᠬ p쭮

⢮ p ⨣ 窥 b p qc.




⠪ pᬮp p 㭪樨 p⭮ . H

p - ,

pp ⠫. - 易 pp,

᢮ ⢨ p㫨p騥 p쭮 pp⨩, p

騥 p쭮 ﭨ 祫.

H㯨 p뭮, p室 p .



᮪ pp:



1. K ., .p - "", 2 .,

.: 㡫, 1992.


2. " p㤠" p樥 ..ﭠ .. 㪮

M.: , 1991

3. ..p, ..p᪠ "樮 p㤠"

M.: 誮, 1989



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