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:
: 10:18:08 07 2005
: 2222 : 3 : 4 : 4.3 :    

1.


, . . 7,7 . . .

, . , . , - , , . . . , . “” (“”). : , , .

. : ; , , , , .

: 1/3 , , , , , . .

. , , . , . (, , , ) . , , ( ). 18% .

. - . , , . , . , : , , , , .

. 19 , . , 90% . . . , , . , - . , , , , , . , , .

: , , , , , ; : , , , , ; . , .

, , , . , . : 88% . , , . 25 . .

. .



2.1.


:

  1. -: ( , , - ) .

  2. - ( ), , 1/5 1/6 , 1/4 . , , . - ( ), .

  3. - ( , ) (2/5 ) , .

  4. . , 17% , 1% . (, , , , ) . ( ). .


2.2.


90- . 5- , , . ( 2000 . 450 . .) 14- .1

. , 3% , 12% 64% (20% , ). , . , 7% , , .


2.3. .


- ?

90- . 1999 . 185.8 . .,2 1990 . . ( ) 1990 1998 . 98.4%, 7.9% , 2.1 (3.7%).

: , , (, , ) . , 1998 . . , 1990-1997 . 136% , 64%. ( 84%), ( 58%) ( 31%) ( 1.3 1.5 ) .

, , . , 80%, 32% ( 1). 1998 ., , 9 10 . , . 1998 . 45% . : 9.8 . .; 7.6; 4; 3.5; 3.4; 3; 2.9; , , 2.9; 1.7; 1.6 . ..3

. . 1998 . : 6.5 . .; 4.4; 3.3; 3.2; 2.9; 2.4; 2.3; , , 2.2; 2.2; 2.1 . .

90- . 50- ooo 80% apoo copa, pe 50% ee aao a epc. He e o oaae pae 25%. B o e pe aoao pooce cope yeac o epao . Ha ee pxoc o 30% oap-oo copa, Oao 90-e o c c oepea poco oa poex oapo o epaoo cp cope ae caec (0 16.4% 1990 . o 12.9 1998 .). ecoo oac o epoocee 17% po 18.9%.

B cope poeo poy o oe o ea poca npeoaa oap coo opao, a 1990-1998 . x o ye-c oee e a 140%, oe oepe oca a pay poex oapo poco opao, poy coo opao ae eca po cep oapo, x poo oocee cope p, a cpee ee. Kpyea ca oa eoe aoo cocae oo 7% copo poy coo opao, pye ca - o ceae poee a ac , a a epec poe, pae aapa, oopcoe oopyoae cea exa, eae, poeccoae aye epee pop.

o ooa poeo poy coo opao coppyec opaeoe co ooec pax cpa: Hoy ea, CA, oo, Cayp, A o. B 1988-1998 . peaa ao poy a pax x cpa poca cpee a 10% o.

Cee o cope cecoxoceo epao poy o e oaae ecoo oea ca, ocoeo o eoop a oapo, Ta, 1993-1998 . cop e opaca a 15.7% o, xoa a 19.5, cpa opoa a 13.5, e a 21.6%.

pee cy paoo acoc Acpa o cecoxoceoo copa ee ae oxo eca eca -a acx ee oyp a pox pax. epca oa o ca opae e yoc copo a.

a opo apepo Acpa eeo ec o, B 1998 . oapooopo ey oeac 30.7 p. o, 17% ce opo Acpa. Topo c oe oeceaa e caoe pyoe ooeoe cao 4.1 p, o, Beye ca acpacoro copa o - yo (4.1 p. o, eea pya (1.8 p), oa (1.3 p) a (1.3 p, o.) B o ayac a opao eoe (3.6 p, o.) pyoe aoa (1.6 p.) aac x (880 .) oep (610 , o.)

Bopo o aoc opae CA, B 1998 . oapooopo ey coca 30.1 p, o, oca CA oc 8.5 p, o., 10% ceo copa, Oya e caa aea ac opa, oeaeoc 21.6 p. o. B oproe CA Acpa ee ca py e 13.1 p. o. ae oap, ocaee CA (1998 ., , o.): eoeapoe ooo 785, oa - 750, cpa e - 485, caoe, epoe aac - 375. Beye ca opa CA - caoe epoe (2 p. o.), oep (1.1 p.) aac oepa (831 .), eoeapoe ooo (757 , o.).

B 1998 . peo opoco aee A a opooo apepa Acpa, Oa a a 3-e eco, oa a 1997 . a a 6- (, ceye oy oa o epyac a 6-e eco). Oe ao opo coca 10.5 p. o., 6% ce acpaco opo, Beye ca copa A 1998 . eoeapoe ooo, aooe a, yo eea pya, a oapa, ocya A, eae, eaa poy, eoe aoa reeoyaooe oopyoae. Papoa epx ec cpa opaeo Acpa o eeooec c pecaea ae 2.

Hecop a aee ee opo ooeco Acpa, ee yace poo poe ce ee ooo opaeo ( 1997 . 1.1%). B peyae oa o e e a oppoae pox e a cee ex eox o poy, o oop ec a pooee.

ee copo-opx eax oaa ooe e a opo aac cpa. B 1998 . e a ee copy poy opoc a 3%, a a opy oc a 6%. Bcece oo yco opo (coooee copx opx e) yxyc a 3%. B 1997 . ooee o . Toa yco opo, aoopo, yyc a 3%.

Cpaa cyeceo paa o epaa eyapoo opo. pyac pay oo e oc aex oce poe a ee p ax ceco-xocex oapo, a oa, apaa epo, a ae pooo pya poex e. O ae oo e cea epe a oac epaa opo ycya. Moocopo epaa a oepaa oocopo ec o oac cocex cpa. Ta, Maa cpee o a 1988-1997 . cc c 27 o 19%, a ax a 1988-1998 . c 28 o 11 Kae a 1992-1998 . c 43 o 18%.

cope ycex Acpa aeo cee occ a coceco c peoo Bocoo o-Bocoo A, oop eee ecox ece o o acooo pca cepe 1997 . paac aoee co ea pye (e 50%) opeee acpacoo copa. Ce ec ocox opepo acpacx oapo o eo cpa Bocoo o-Bocoo A, aco pc oo yap o Acpa. B 1998/99 . o cpae c 1997/98 . ee oap cop peo ya a 7% o 44.1 p. o. aec pooo copaee ocao a ce ec ocox po, Bpoc cop Ka, a Taa.4

B eec ocaoe oepae ooecoo poca aceo o cocooc Acpa a oe pacp cape p. o e yaoc. B 1996-1998 . peo yec cop Ceepy Aepy Epoy, a ae a Boco, Apy acy Aepy. B 1998/99 . o cpae c 1996/97 . y A a Boco o eeo poy cooeceo a 27 22% oe, a a p o Aep Ap a 18 8% oe. Xo Acpa o cpaeo ae p, poce poc opaae oc ee copepo.

Oeo, oao, o acoc copa Acpa o ooeco cya Bocoo o-Bocoo A oo epe coxpaec, ceoe occaoee yco ooec poc peoa ca e aopo oeo yee copa Acpa ypee ee oo. eec ae oop o o, o occaoee peoa ye aaoc, e oce oepe aoap yaea peopa pe cpa peoa.

C oo eyapox acox ypee, ocoeo MB ocyapc-oopo, a Acpa, eoope eyx cpa ATP pcy epecpoe acooo ceopa, yy ypaee oa ye e aoeoc, o ec ac peee ex poe, oope epy oepe oyco yy pca, oco cpa ae peo epaoa paa paee apyex ec.

ocee ae ceecy, o acpac cop peo ye yeaec, B 1999/00 . . (oop aaec 1 ) cop oapo ycy oc a 12%. Haoee aeo a 16% poc o “ececoxocex pox oapo”. cop cecoxoceo poy ycy opoc a 8%. Poc oa coca (%): o 13, y Kope 21, Taa 12, oo 4, KHP 26, CA 20, EC 4.

B eo cop Bocoy o-Bocoy A yec a 17%, a pye cpa a 9%.5 oy aopcoao eoopoe cee ypca acpacoo oapa opeeeoe oee pox oapx e peyae yye oyp.



- , 120-170 . ., . 2001 . 141,5 . ., 10,3 . .

. 450 . . 1990 . .

1973 . - - (). 1984 . “ ”, “ ”. 1996 . - 100 .

- . 6 2000 . C . 23 2001 . - .. , . C , (- ). , , . . .


2.5. .


cp poc ee opo Acpa a ocee o copooaec ae yeee ee ex px aaooe. B 1997/98 . . x oe coca 6.4 p. o. o cpae c 5.7 p. o. 1996/97 , . Ha 30 1998 . oe paep ex px ec oc 90.6 p. o. paa, a 40% ee oea ocpax ec cao Acpa. Xapaepo, oao, o a oceee ecee ee cocee pe ec a pyeo o ea ppoca ( cpee 11.4% ) oepea oe ocpax px aaooe ooy cpa.6

o eaeo pee acpace apyee ec paeac a opao CA, A Hoo ea, opaa coec paoe opoe ooece c. o oce a, a 30 1997 . a o A pxooc 20.7 p. o. (31% ex ec CA - 19.6 p. (29%), Hoo ea -7.1 p. o. (10%). Oao c ycee opox ce c aac peoo opoc ec pee ceo ooe ( 5.7 p. o.), Caype (1.2 p.) oe (0.8 p. o.).7

Bee pe ec a aoe eco cpae ox acpacx p. Cee opox apepo, oce exoo opoca oypeococooc oya x apoa ecoy eeoc a pyeo. Opac a co oypee peyeca, o y oe p, ye co cp pao c oee epa pooca.

Opoc p, cax c eeooeco eeoc, oaa ceye o, oyae apye aaooe: apa oooce poca, oee oypeococooc; oeceee yco epe a oe p, ocy oao pepaeco ccee.

Ao ecy a pyeo acpace a, ocoeo a AH, yopy a peea Acpa Hoo ea pepo 40 cpaax. o pye oxooeaco peoe a ee opy ce ao, oeceax peoae opo pyx oepecx oepa. Aoe pcyce ocox pox acox epax, pecaeca a pyx ex pax oepa apy. epe y opy ce AH oeceae pee ceo aoce ycy o oepa eeoc cox acpacx ooeacx eo.

Haxoac aao Acpa caac eca peyceae eepa cpoea oa “a p” ooa aao pacpe cox eyapox ce oee 30 e aa. o ooa oxoo oa ocyae -a pa. Hapy c aoee py ec oecy oep oa “T epc T” “Ka” pacoaae aa yae, Hope, acae, aya Hoo ee, Caype, Taae A.

“Ka” ceapyec a papaoe yooox ex aox ecopoe. , oa oa yacoaa cpoece oeo a pyeo, oa ceoaa ya a py acpac ea. Teep e aea ac ee pao ocyecec o aaa pyx eyapox oa, o 2/3 oea ax pao pooc a ee coce ce. Heao pa paa eep a poeee ee- aopapaoo Kaae Ceepo ope.

Koa “Hop”, oa ee XIX ., oae eey pyy, ypa, e ooo, a ae ee ope ecopapao Acpa, ee py o oe a e, papaaae ae eeo py Kaae, eo py ooa Apee, yacye ocax eaecx py a pae. Ooo 25% paeaeo e aoepoo aaa axoc a peea Acpa. Oepa “Hop” a acpac ceaca oooc, paoa a pyeo, popea e o. Koa ee popay oea ceaca, acoc co ee Kaao.

Koa “B poyoy”, aa paeaeo ece ype, c aaa 90-x oo aeo pacpa co oepa o opoay apyex cpaax, ocoy cao Acpa oooc . Koa ocyeca ec oycp 17 cpa, o ce A Epoe, a ae Apee Hoo ea. ac cox pe oa oyae Acpa, o paccae ae o oya x ocoo -a pa.

Koa ex opace poeoc, oope oepac cpyyp ee, aacy aey ac coe eeoc epeopepy a apyee cpa, ocoy pooee cox oepa Acpa ca eae eo. Oao o e oaae ooo pepae aoc cao Acpa. aco oee eee pooca epeeac a pay, a oee opoocoe ocac cpae. Hepeo epeapoae a pye coae yco epe pye cep eeoc cao Acpa.

“ye ep” ec pyee oae o poocy pooocex oapo e oo Acpa, o o ce acpaoaaco peoe. Cpec opec eyapo xapaep, oa paepya co poocey opoo-pacpeeey ce oee e 40 cpaax. Oeo, o e poo epaoaa coe eeoc oa e oac ex ycexo.

Bopacaee cooae epoo oep epea ooe acpac pa, ecpy co aa a pae, coxpa eoope eeoc Acpa. Hapep, “acpa aaepc op.” ee co pep oe, Maa, CA Beae. opaooo epa Acpa epcoa peae poe e acoc o oo, e o o.

Bao po ec acpacx p a pyeo c e oo opeoc ocaax cooaeceo poy ocya p ee cooa, o coae ycoo poo ce. o ocoeo oocc oee coo exooec epeoo .

“AHKA” - , opepoaa oe pa, pooa a aoe Meype cooaecee eaopeye . Ee cop opoc pepo c 30% oea pooca 1991 . o o 100% acoee pe. Koa ocyece opoocoe oca ocyae oopyoa o pa, epa, A CA.

pooee acpacx p a pay aco oeae cpaeec co c apye pa. Ooe pocpac o eopax coae o peypx eox cx o oca ooopo ey pa o aooo coeco eeoc. peaa eoopx pyx opox poeo (apep, opooae poeoc pacpyype) opayc ca. ocee aco pea eoope oee ee cpee o paepa acpace p acoo yac poee, o a pyx ycox o x eooo.

Beca a ye ca pooa opaca o coe aoc ee acpace ec eeya aa. Hoe exoo poecc oaa cepee opao a epeay a a paccoe, ocoeo c oo epea. Acpace yee aee, pee ceo ce, coy opaec oooc, ecpy co eeya aa apyee yee aee ye opaa coecx pep.

O aoee ax o pae copa eeyaoo aaa ec Moac yepce (. Meyp), ca py y Acpa, oop opaye poo yee ypc a pae. K 2003 . o aepeaec coa oay ce oye, paccay a ce ax popa. apyee ec yepcea aee a o, o cea eo “po oye pooo ypo”. peoaaec cooa cay oce opaoaey opaoy exoo, opac p o a ce epo, o ce ypeex coeco c py ye aee.

Co ep yepcec opoo e Acpa Moac yepce ocoa coe Maa Kyaa yype. Eo coae cao c aepee aacoo paeca peo o opaoae ypoe acee cpa. Moac yepce co coe copo peceoa e opaoa oo eyapo ep oye ayocceoaeco pao.

epce oo Kcea (. Taya) ec po epo o opaa ceo opaoa a pacco. oee 2/3 cex eo cyeo, a eo ce 3 c. o cye, poae a peea Acpa 17 cpaax. pe cyeo opaoa ye poecc ooa c c apye ye aee.

epce ap Cp ee xopoo opaoae yee ep Aap-Booa, axepce, ao Baa-Bara. O ae peaae ycy c oo epea acpac apye . ocee peac yee o eocpeceo ca yepceo, o epe yeoe aeee (oe yepce) x coceo cpae. epce ap Cp co ocoy aay pacpe popa oye Acpa a ee peea c oo cce epea ycaoe oee ecx ooe c apye ye ypee.


3.

pecae oop ceecye o cepex cax cpyype acpaco oo aeo yce ee o a poo ooeco apee ocee ece XX . o cyecy Acpa e yyca oo oooc, opaec c c oaae poo oo oppoae ee ox, opaox ep.

1 Press Release. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 03.08.2000

2 , ,

3 Composition of Trade Australia 1998. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. June 1999. P. 5-7.

4 Trade Winds? Briefing for business. December 1999. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. P. 25.

5 Press Release, 31.07.2000

6 Foreign Direct Investment: the Benefits for Australia. Canberra, 1999. P. 36.

7 Ibid. P. 37.

19



:


  1. . 1

  2. : 3

    1. 3

    2. 4

    3. . 5

    4. 12

    5. . . 13

  3. . 19

  4. 20


4. .


Taa 1.


1990 . 1996 . 1998 .
. . % . . % . . %






Heopaoaoe poooce 4048 8.0 7927 10.3 7083 8.0
Opaoaoe poooce 6091 12.0 8822 11.5 9538 10.7
pye cexopoy 4954 9.7 5465 7.1 6015 6.8
Mepa 8351 16.4 9152 11.9 11488 12.9
epooce 9598 18.9 13007 16.9 15094 17.0
oo 33042 64.9 44372 57.6 49218 55.3
poea poy





npoco opao 5050 9.9 7507 9.8 8802 9.9
coo opao 8063 15.8 18087 23.5 19422 21.8
oo 13113 25.8 25594 33.2 28224 31.7
poe oap 4737 9.3 7019 9.1 11540 13.0
cop eo 50892 100.0 76986 100.0 88981 100.0

co: Composition of Tade, Australia 1998. Department of Foreign Affais and Tade, June 1999. P. 25.


Taa 2. epa eca cpa - opaeo Acpa, 1999 .

O oe opo cop op Cao ycopoe opo
aoe accoe
1. o 1. o 1.CA 1. o 1.CA
2.CA 2.CA 2. o 2. Hoa ea 2.epa
3. Hoa ea 3. Hoa ea 3. Ka 3. a Kope 3. Ka
4. Ka 4. a Kope 4. epa 4. oo 4. A
5. a Kope 5. Taa 5. A 5. Taa 5. e
6. A 6. Ka 6. Cayp 6. 6. a
7. Cayp 7. Cayp 7.Hoa ea 7. 7. pa
8. Taa 8. A 8. a Kope 8. Oeee Apace pa 8. Maa
9. epa 9.oo 9. Maa 9. aca 9. Bea
10. Maa 10. oe 10. Taa 10. Ee 10. eap

1 Cea acpa pao Ka

2 e copa .


co: Composition of Tade... 1999, May 2000. P, 14.

21



:


  1. “ ”, 10 2001, 92-97

  2. http://www.ln.mid.ru/

  3. http://www.australia.com/

  4. http://www.trademinister.gov.au/

  5. http://www.rba.gov.au/



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