364 , , : , , , , , , . , , , .
:
364150
(304)
(123)
(23)
(113)
(4)
(4814)
(5227)
(2616)
(3423)
(4214)
(1518)
(68)
- (2836)
(8269)
(50)
(50)
(762)
(2)
(5275)
(30)
(1222)
(43)
(20403)
(465)
(19)
(108)
(173)
(96)
(899)
(54)
(34)
(476)
(106)
(62792)
(3562)
, (6444)
(2165)
(21320)
(766)
(64)
(3145)
(60)
(17)
(588)
(1000)
(106)
(48)
(3)
(1167)
(8485)
(537)
: (2044)
(11657)
(532)
(21)
(7985)
(3721)
, (10549)
(88)
(58)
(36)
(2257)
(12491)
(91)
(797)
(1338)
(24)
, (214)
(1141)
(3)
(8)
(21697)
(7850)
(3801)
(682)
, (2881)
(475)
(1)
, (7100)
(8694)
, (4121)
(443)
(952)
(2967)
(23)
(748)
(4876)
(95)
(107)
(7)
(2004)
(15)
(663)
(240)
(39)
(25)
(624)
(16)
(2652)
(136)
(90)
(406)
(95)
(24)
(3463)
(4482)
(7216)
(4592)
(5386)
(3)
(2244)
(23)
(29)
(35)
(4517)
(20645)
- (666)
(119)
(2573)
(889)
(288)
(148)
, (1140)

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: 13:02:19 16 2011
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EPE OPO OPO O

oypeoo opoeoo ypee eo poeooo opo opo o oo opoo eoe yepe

PE YE

ep (yooo-po)

O PO

Ooeo yooo oeeo eoepeoe

ye 5 yp e po

y pyooe pe y, oe oe o Pyoo

o 2010

OEPE

EEE

1. OOEO OOO OEEO EOEPEOE

1.1 oe yooo oeeo eoepeoe

1.2 op p yoooo ooe o oeeo eoepeoe

1.3 Ooeo yooo oeeo o oooy oey P 1996 o

2. OOEO OOOE EOEPEOE O OOO OEEO

2.1 oe oooe eoepeoe o yooo oeeo

2.2 oo oooe o yooo oeeo: oe ee

2.3 oooe o yooo oeeo

EE

O OOO EPP

EEE

yo e eo oyoe, oo opo, yeeo po opooo peyo oe pyype peyo, pyo eooo epeop oey ooo yooo oeeo eoepeoe yeo ee yoooo ooe Poo eep. poe peyo eoepeoe e o ooo opoo yo. e ooe oe o p pee, eoe ep p eoe. py oye OO.[1] eye oe, o peyo eoepeoe oye e, oo eoepeoe, ee p o, ooo peo oe pooe o ..[2] Ppope peye, oepe eoepeoe, p, pe, epeo oe oe peyee, yo. o peye oep ooo eoo o ooe oe o e. eye y poee ep poeoo pep, : oee pooe peee oooo oepeoo opy; eop eoo, e p oepe peye po o; po pee opo, pyo peye; peee o e epe o ye oepe op peye.[3] y opo, po ooeo peyo, eye oe oo-ooee, oo-oee peopo opeo-opee yo, oe e pe oeee pe oyo oy peoo, opoo pooo oo oe. e o e opo ope poee oppo opeo ooe, ooye ooy poy poopoo oee eoepeoe.

ooo popepy po peyo eoepeoe, ee, poeoo oee o oe oo, peye o pee po eo e opp ep, oope oooe eo pe oypeo o o o.[4] o o P, oo o ee pooo o Po oepo peye 135 eoepeoe[5] . o , o e pey Po opoo. p o eoepeoee e e oep e ooo e peye. o P oe 11-e (9.0%) peyee 2008 . o oepeo eoepeoe oy , (o peye, oepe eoepeoe, oe oee 50%: , 2006 . peye o pe pe opo o 20,3%, y - 27,3%. 2007 . peye o pe pe opo - 22,9%, y - 25,6%. oo oee pe peye opo oep o eopee e po. o poe, epeo ye, oe peyy eeo ooe e oo ope o 14 o 18 e, o oee peo op.[6]

oo opo, e o o e p epeo eoepeoe, pyo - oe o pey oe opo. oypo poe poop pe po ep op peyo eoepeoe oop oo o po, ep yooo-pooo oeoo pep e pe , py o, e peypee oepe o. op popye eoepeoe o oee opo eo poe opee peyo e oype. Yoo oeeo eoepeoe poe e oo poo poo e. eop yoooo p opo yooo oeeo eoepeoe o e o ppo. E oe opo, o o ee, pp yo epype, o oepe oe e o e e o o peeo opooo eoo eo po. o e e oe ye ooe, opypoe peo epype o yo, pey yooo yooo-pooo ooo , e y yoe yee ee yooo yooo-oeo ooe. oe ooeo oyoo op e ooo eo. Oeo eo oeee ooe, oe p pe oooe o yooo oeeo eoepeoe.

peeo eo e op, peepye yooy oeeo eoepeoe.

e ooo eo e oeo eo eopee pe opoo yooo oeeo eoepeoe, eo pee ep yooo-pooo pep. pe o e eo eooo pe eye :

- yo ee oo pooo y yoo oeeo eoepeoe, pope pyypy p oeeo eoepeoe;

- pope op p yoooo ooe o oeeo eoepeoe;

- popo ooeo yooo oeeo o Yoooy oey 1996 o;

- oooe e ye opo oooe o yooo oeeo eoepeoe, pope oooe o yooo oeeo;

eoooey ooy oeo eo o ooe eeoo ep, eoeo eo o. Oopeeo pe ee eo eo: opo-pe, ope, e, oooe, oe peo-poo eo, eo oyeo.

pey y eo o ep oyoo yeo p epooo y P, e eeo p; pyyp po. o po oo ee, y , e, ooo epyp.


1. OOEO OOO OEEO EOEPEOE

1.1 oe yooo oeeo

oo oeeo oo ye o yoooo p e y eo peo p: peyee - yoo oeeo e.

o eop p oo , o oeeo o ee, o pe eooo oe o opee oy. yooo pe ee opeeee, o o oe yooo oeeo oo e oeeo oe e (ee) ye oeeo oe oe, ooe oop yoe eo (. 5 Y P)[7] . oo opeee eye, o oo ooe o oe yooo oeeo, eooe e ee e. oe yooo oeeo eoopo pee op yoooo ooe:

o, peype yooy oeeo (. 1 Y);

p yooo oeeo (. 2 Y);

yoo oeeo oo p (. 5 Y);

eoyo yooo oeeo oo o e peyee (. 6 Y);

ooe yooo oeeo (. 8 Y);

, oee yooo oeeo (. 19-23 Y);

yoo oeeo eooeoe peyee (. 29, 30 Y) oye peye (. 34-36 Y);

oooee o yooo oeeo (. 75-78 Y) ..

eop yoooo p, eop oopoe ooe ep yoo oeeo eoe opeeee oo oe oyye.

ooy, oepe oo o eop p e ee poe. oo e eoo oo o. o-ep, yoo oeeo oe oo op p oo oe e yoooo o, oo oe oeoe epe oypo. o-op, yoo oeeo o e poo oo peepe opee oe poopoo oee, o peoe peepee.

Oo o pee oe pe e oo pep yooo oeeo, o e pe e oe oe epo. o oe oe ppope yooy oeeo ooe pyypoe opoe, ee eoo eeo.

oo oeeo o ooe oo-pooe oee oepe peye, oopoe e epe ee: o-ep, ooy op yoooo o ey oepe peye oo o oeo epe oypo e eo yoooe opo; o-op, pey yeo poope opey oey oepoo e ope , oepeo o ee; -pe, eoe ooy e y epy yooo-pooo pep; -ep, yo eeoe pooe oee oye oe eoo [8] .

oo oeeo oe yeo peo oo p yooo-pooo ooe. ooo-poe ooe o ee oepe peye peypyee op yoooo p oeee ooe ey o, oep peyee oypo, pee pe p ooe yeo peee yoooo o o y oepe oo peye.

pe o, opo ooee yooo-pooo ooe, e oepee ope o yooo-yeoo e. oe oe yooo-pooe ooee, oo e o e y oo peye, oe e oepe (pep, e yoeo o oepee peyee). ye yooo-pooo ooe , oo opo o, oepee peyee, pyo opo oypo, yee po yoooeoo op. oepe yooo-pooo ooe oppeopye p oo yeo.

eoeo, yoo oeeo oe oep yooo-pooo ooe. opo, ey yooo oeeo yooo-po ooee yeye epp , po o, o o opo o e e pe o (oepee peye), o oo o e pe ( oe oepe peye) pep oopeeo ( oe oo pe yooo oeeo oe oooe ooo o yooo oeeo).

ooo-poe ooe , oo opo opo yeo yooo oeeo, pyo opo, ooo opeee e o pe. oooe ooeo ooe o . 1 Y peype yooy oeeo. o oe, o ooe opypye opeee yooo-poe pe, pyee oop oe o oe yooo oeeo. opo, yoo oeeo pee oo pe-peypeee epe e yoooo o.

ooee yooo oeeo o o oepe peye ope o. eo o oe ey oypo o yooo-poe ooe yoo oeeo.

eye Y yeye eoo op pe yooo oeeo. oee o ppopo opo pe yooo oeeo e e. O e o, o y, oepey peyee, o oe poop, oopo o e oyp oepoy e ope po oe, oyoy, poy o oepe peye, pe ope e e oee pepe op yooo-pooo oe. Oe eoo e oo eeoe pooe oee e yo. o ope pe yooo oeeo poe o e ep ee:

1. Oo o oeo oepy oye pye.

2. Oyee, ope.

3. ep oypeoo pye ope .

4. yo.

Poo o op pe yooo oeeo yooe oyee oyee opoo o (. 73 82 Y).

opo opo pe yooo oeeo e oyee e e . ooe o . 92 Y oyee e e ooo oo ooe eoepeoe, oep peyee eoo pee e. p o oy, ooo o , oeo ope pe pyee ep oeoo oe, peyopee . 2 . 90 Y, o oeee eoe oeoe eeo-oeoe ypeee.

poe oo yooo oeeo ppe y e ooo peo[9] .

oo e poe e pee opo, oey eoe oe e oeeo o oy. o ooe ooe eoe oeeo oeeo-oe oeee y oo o, o e e ooo ooo p oo oee. o oee epe oypo, oeo py o oy eo ooy, o y eo e ooo p oee yo peo o, epeo oyp oe, oo o peep o ooo p oo oee, poope p o epe py yeo oee ooe ooy pe oo. pe e oo yooo-poo oeeo oe ee opo, o, o e oe eo oeee oe y oeeo.

1.2 op p yoooo ooe o oeeo eoepeoe

Pp yoooe ooeo Po opeo ee oo oe, o oo oe o oeo p o pe pe popyee, e e peee ep yooo pepe[10] . 1845 o oo yoooo ooe o oooe Yoee o yoo pe[11] , oopo oypo peo o o yoooo oe epey eoepeoe (o 17 e), y peyoe ee, o e eeoe y o . 41. o eeoe, o p yo, y, . 2 . 55, o oee op poee , y oop o o, o eo e oopo o o, e ep o pe o ooe oy oeey e, oy o o o op.

e oee opeeo oeeo ee yopoe eooee poeo , po pyoe poe opee, oep o pey o 6 ee, o oeeo o e yo oe oo.

p oye poe, pe o e opee oe, pep ooe pe , oop oo . 168, . , . 1, e 1900., o poe o ooe e e oy oy e e, oope o o o oe yoooy .

y po e e p o. oee oeoo o o, pee eo, e; o e o e oe e o o oo e o pe, oo e o oypo, oyeee eo o o o. peee po oe oo , o oey py, eyoo, ypo ee peo oyp, oy ee eeo pe oo ye oepe oee peye o peo op, pep 14 oee e (o, pep, y y, oo, o ..). pyo opo, oypo yo op o , opeeo ee pee o eo e pe, e o oe. oo o oee oop, yeee o o oee, ee o, pep, pe ye yee oo ee.

pe oeo, eoo eop, peop, e y eoe oeo ee. Peypy e po o, oypo, oeo, opo oo po opo eo op, oep p yoo peee . Yoee o e 1885. . 92 yo p eop yooo eeeo, oo eop o oeo epo, o eee yo p eoeeoo op: op pey pe yooo pe po e poopy: oy e op ype eeo, peee oeeo ope yoooo y; oy opoe op y ooe eeeo yooo eoeeo, e e peo-oe ep, o y, yo oo oeeo peeo ey e, yo o yo eeo o ooe oyoy, opee pep o oeeo, oopo o oe oe, yy po, ee oy oo oy; oy o op y ooe oooo e yooo oeeo, oopo oe o yeoe ee, e po.http://www.globalteka.ru/order/11713.html - _ftn1

Pee, 1742 . e ee pee oe y, o oeo, yoo, eoo o yo o 17 e o e oep e e , po. oee e o oep epo , e, yy; e eee e oe op pee oe e op po, o oooe ope oeeo o e e, oy o p, e o pee . Ye Eep IIo 26 1765 ., o oopoy y o eeeo o 10 e, o 10 17 e oyo ee , pe oe peye, ey epy y, o eeo pe e, e peo e o epe . P e oee o 10 15 o 15 17 e. oe o 10 e p oo eee o o e p yy e pee poe, poe oey. oee 1845 . oyo o o e, p pee opo 7 e; o o . 1 . 173 (o 1885 .) e o 7 10 e e oep opeeeoy o , o poe oe poe oeo pe, o o oo eeo pee poo epo e o , o yoe 10 e. epo opoe (o 10 o 17 e) e ye oo ye p o eeo, poo ye peo oee po o oooe o yooo oeeo eeeo. Po opoeo Yoee 1845 . o o o17-21 o, oop p oo po yee oeeo, p o o p y pye yoo pe. yoo eoepeoe ep pe e ee, epo op e poo, po op ye 1/3. o ooe pe Yoee 1845 o eo y oy pee oee po o oe oey yy, e pe e e, o o ee oy e ee, e eoepeoe oee peyee oepeoe.

pyo opo, oee 1845 . o oo yoe, p oopo ooo ep oe ee, eo o . 146 (e 1885 o) oee eoepeoee ye ye ooo peyoo e oepeoee.

22 p 1903 o, epo po o II, o po ooe oooe yoee[12] , oopoe oepo ooe o peye , o e yoooo o, op , yee peye, ooe, peyo e py y. oee 1903 o yo, o peyee e ee, opeeoe o pe eo oepe oo o po ; e py eo oe eye yoy pe peee yoooo o o o, eee eop yooo-ye e e peye, peye poy, opy o opo eeeo, ypoee e . Oo o oe ep , op, oeee, ee peo oe, ee pe, pe ee e (p). Yoee e yo y oo oe ey op o o yoooo p o 1918 o oo Yoee 1845 o.

epe o 14 p 1918 o[13] poo oey yo peoo e oe eoepeoe. e o eoepeoe ope o 17 e, oep oeeo ooe ee, oe pope oe o e eoepeoe, oop o o ooo , o p oo ye pooo op oeeoo ppe ooeeo pepy e. o o 20- oo op pope pye oe ep epe ep yoooo .

ooee o 5 pe 1935 o O ep op peyo eoepeoe[14] yoe yoo oeeo , 12-eeo op, oepee y, p, pe , ee opee, ye; ooo pee eoepeoe ep eo-eoeoo pep oee. ooee P () O ep epopo eopo o 31 1935 o po o o e eoepeoe. o pe eo Oeeeo o epe oeoee o oo poe yo epopo eopo opoo, e eoe epoe ooee p. ooee P o 23 p 1942 o O ypoe ee, o e poee o peyopeo oe p oo e oeo o o ypoy ee, o e poee, ppee e oo, peo-ppeeee, op yopo o.[15]

ooee ey epooo y P o 17 ep 1948 o O pee yo o 4 1947 o ooe eoepeoe[16] ye op peo ye oepe e ee pep eoepeoe ope o 12 o 16 e opo o pepe e yooo ope pe oe pyoe oee oo. Oo yoooo ooe o P o pey, pe epo oeo P o 25 ep 1958 o yooe oe o pey, pe 1959-1961 . o op, o oe oopoo y yoo oeeo, oo e 10 Oo, oeeo oe , oop o oepe peye oo 16 e. oepee y, yeoe eee opee, p ppoo opo, oe, pooe ee, p, ooe ooo ooe yo, yeoe yoee opeee oypeoo, oeeoo ye oo ye p, oe e oe, e yeoe oepee e, oy pyee oe yoo oeeo y 14 e. Oo, p 1991 oy 10 eoo ooe: oeeo 14 e ye e ee oepeoo opy, oe po p ee ee poe ee.

eoepeoe e pe , , ee oo e e pe p. ooeo opepoo poopee op peyeeoe peee ep oeoo pep, e yoooo y oepe peye, e peeo oo oeeo oo (. 3 . 10 Oo; . 3, 4 . 10 Y PP)[17] . oo yy 5 . 63 Y PP ee oo pye ep oeoo pep peyp epe eoepeoeeo o ee pyooo oe, oeeo op oeoy py, o ee oeeoo oe ooe ooee o oee oe eoepeoe.

p e eoepeoeey, epe oyeoy e oo o 3 e, yo, yeo pep ee oeeo oo oepeoo peye, o ooo ooe e, e ooo eo pe epeo e o o oe, oee poop e oo ooe oo oe opoeo po o 6 ee o 2 e (Y pey epooo oe P o 15 ep 1977 o O ooe Oo yoooo ooe o P o pey e 39-1)[18] . o Yoo oe Poo eep p oypeo yo P 24 1996 o oope oeo eep eepoo op P eo epe ooe poe eo peyeo Y, o oe ee oee oypeoo oeeoo po P. Y ooeo oo eoepeoe, o Yoo oe ee e pe Yoo oeeo eoepeoe, oopo ye e o opo py.

, poe y p ooe o oeeo eoepeoe, Yoooo yoe 1845 o Yoo oeo Poo eep. eooo oe, o o oo e op ooeo eo o ooeo, o ee ooee oo eyee peee eoepeoe eee po, e o po pey opepo p o ep oeoo pep. Y P 1996 peyope p ooeoe, oo ypo yooy oeeo e eoepeoe.

1.3 Ooeo yooo oeeo eoepeoe o oooy oey o 1996 o

eyee ooeo P epe Y P 1996 opeype e pe 5, y 14, oy ooeo yooo oeeo eoepeoe.

eee ooeoe yooo oeeo eoepeoe ooey y oe, o ooe op o yooo oeeo pe yo oo ooe, peyope oe e. eee Y P oo ooe oyoeo oo-ooe ooeo , o opo eop.

oe pe eee eoo pe e e ooo pee eoepeoe e oooo oe, peepy opo yooo oeeo po. pep, p o ooyo peye poopo, e po e oo ..

oo eyey ooey, o ooe o . 87 Y P eoepeoe p , oop o pee oepe peye oo 14 e, o e oo 18 e. Oo, o e y, o oo . 96 Y P e y yeo pep oepeoo e o ooo y oe pe yooo-poe op, ye ooeo yooo-poo oeeo eoepeoe, , oep peye ope o 18 e o 20 e.

eoepeoee ope o ep o oe e, oo opo, o ye ooo ooo ypo o (y oe ooeo, oo, yee opopo o oeee, e oo), pyo poo e o o (pooe epe oyee oe eye, poo yee oeo e oee, e o eo ooe). oo op e pep eopo ye, o, eypoeeo, eooo oe y yo e ooe .. ope ooeo oyo yoee ooe oeeo eoepeoe p e ooe o pe o p yooo oeeo.[19]

oee .. epo[20] , pe eoepeoe popye, po oy, o y o oyye yo ep, o, peee o ooeo, opoo eopoo. ooo eoe o po o e, ee. ee opeo y opoo e eo pe, epe peo yo. pe p o yoeope o e o eo, e y popye. p oo opoe oy opoo, oep p, ye e, pe, , o poop o ypo, o eo ooeoo e e. pe opoe oe o opepo, oye o. ooe o . 20 Y P ooe oo peye yoo oeeo ye 16 e. Yoe yoo oeeo poope e, oepee ope o 14 o 16 e.

Opee p op yooo oeeo eoepeoe, ooe pe o e oe ooe, o e peee ee p ooe ooeo, oe eoepeoe ooeyeo op, ee ooo ooo oo oeeo oo e, opy peye opeeoo . p o e p e o eoepeoe, o oo opeoo op, ooeo p ee o. eoepeoee, oe 14 16 e, ooo epe oy o o e, pee oo peye, oo oeey oo. e, eop o, eoepeoee e oep peye ooeyeo , e ooo oy o-pyoy, o oe oooo oy o pe yooo oeeo.

ooy oee peyopeoo oo op - oo oe yo yooo oeeo eoepeoe, eooo o ye oo yo op oe oepe peye. e eo op ye o oye: e pep o poo oo, opy, eey o poe .. p o yo y, o o e o op, oopoo ye yoo oeeo, e e poe, o ee yo, oope po o e, .e. o o ey yo.

e y, o oye o ope eoepeoeeo oyy, op peo y o opeee eo op yeo-ey epy.

e eooo e p oe, o ooeo oeeo eoepeoe e o, o o e oy ye eoop peye. y pee eo oo e eop peye:

1) peye, e eoepeoee o oepe, pep, oeee eoepeoeeo oepee peye (. 150 Y P), oeee eoepeoeeo oepee oee e (. 151 Y P), eoee ooe o o eoepeoeeo (. 156 Y P);

2) peye, e ye oy pe oe e (ey oypeo y - 21 o, y poypop - 25 e ..).

O, pep, e yoo oeeo eoepeoeeo: peee oo ooo (. 286 Y P), peee eoo eooo yooo oeeo (. 299 Y P), eee eoo epoy poop, pee oo yeoo (. 305 Y P).

oo op yooo oeeo eeo yoe, e oopoo yoo oeeo e ye, e oepe peye. oe yeo o eoopoo.[21] pep, 15-e .. ,[22] o oo oey epyy .. y, ey yp eeo o o . peye yp y epe e o . , o yp, o oeeo o pep oeo e, pee, o peye oe y oeeo ooe oee e oo eeoo opee oep pe o o, e eo ye. ooy o oep peyee p yo.

epe .. o ooo e oop eo pe. o eo ooe py. e pyy pe, o op eopoy pey ee oe o p, peye eo o y. o, oeo, o oeeo o pep oeo e, pee, o o oo oe y oe oee, o e e oooo o, oo oeo oy (oe ye). e e o .. oy po yo y oye.[23]

pe pep oepe peye o eoopoo. py pe p y pee. o pe y o poe pyoo epe pee .. o, e oe, eoo oy epe yeo, o, e yep, oy, o oepe, py pe. O y o oy. oep o e, o e pee, o y oo po oee. Oo o oe o pee ooo eo ye. eoeo, o .. oep peyee o eoopoo ope epeo.[24] e ooo oo po pee eoo e opee o eoopoo.

ope o 14 o 16 e e ey oeeo op pey ooe ye (. 208, 209, 210 Y P p.). y o o pep oep e e e o pooee oy-o peye, oopoe oeeo ye 14-eeo op, pep yy, pooy e (. 105, 162 Y P), o o . 1 2 . 30, o ooee peye (. 111, 112, 162 Y P).

eoepeoee, poe, opooo oe o oee peye o o, ooo o yooo oeeo.

yee yeo p oe, o pepo oo peye oepe eoepeoe oy, pyo. epeo ee opopo, opeee ooee o poe , ye ee pey o. e p ope eoepeoe oo pe p peye. e y, o eoepeoe o op yooo oeeo, pooe o oee oepoe peyee oy o . 150 Y P. y, o eoepeoe e o op yooo oeeo, pooe o oee e oo o . 150 Y P, o peyee, oopoe oep eoepeoe, o e Y P, oopo peyopeo oe peyee.

oo . 8 ooe ey epooo y P o 14 ep 2000 . N 7 O yeo pe o e o peye eoepeoe[25] p pope e o peye eoepeoe, oepe ye po, eooo eo pep oooe ey po opoo, ooy e oy e yeeoe ee yoe po pooo oee eoepeoeeo oepee peye oee e.

oe ooe ooee peeo .3 .20 Y P, ooe oop e oe yooo oeeo eoepeoeee o, oee peyopeoo epo opo o op, e ye yoeo, o ee o yeo p, e oo oee e ppoo, oo o pe oepe oeeo ooo e o e ooo o e pep oeey oo oeo e. p , oee yeo p eoepeoeeo, oepeo oeeo ooe ee, eye poeee ep ooe peo Y[26] . pee opo o ee yeo oo oy e ooe, ooo-pe ep. p e peo ep e oe oe opo, ooe pee oeeo o pe oepe oeeo ooo e o eo e pep oeey oo.

oe oo o yeo p ope o y po: eoepeoe e ooe o e pep oeo e oeey oo eo. o e eo oopeeo o p, o oe o pe eee, e o o oee e ppoo. ooe .1 .21 Y P o, oepee oeeo ooe ee oo eeeo, yooo oeeo e oe. ey ooe .2 o yo oy pee pyee ep eoo ee.

y yooo oeeo ooyo yooo-po op, peypy oopoy pyy oee ooe, e pyeo ope opooo peyo Poo eep, y po oo pe p e: oo, peo, eoeo, peo, oo-ooeo, pooeo, oeo, opoo.[27] o e opeee pee eo ee oyoeo, o o yo pooo oe. Oeeo oe pyee oepee peye peo oo, oeee oee o e pe op, oope e ooe oo yoooo pe.

pe e pe o, o o o o eoepeoe ( oep peye, e py yooo-poo pe) oee, peoe pe o y yo oee peo yoooo o, oeo oppo py o opeoe.[28]

eoe e oo o, o o e ooo opo o eoepeoe, oep peyee, py eop opoo.

pe (poo) e ppe epe ey opo-po pe, e ep pye pep, ey opee ope yoooo o, poe o, o ee ooe e oepee eoepeoe e, oepeo e p o peye, peyopeoo Y P.

oo-ooe e oo o, o o oo o ye, e o opo oe p o oo ypo oeo, oo peo, oop ooe ey eo op opyy eeo, o pooe oee poe, ooe p oee eoeeoo oe, op op p po oe oeee ooe pe.

pooe e yooo oeeo eoepeoe ooe y ee yey pe oyp peyoe oeee opoo, oyoeoe oeo p p yo oeoo yeoo

e o oeo ee, oop e e peo pe yooo-poo o oyp epe op peyo eoepeoe, e peo pe ypee o.

opo e e o, o poo oeee o ee ee o y oye eoepeoe, oep peye. op o pee yooo-po op ooe eoepeoe oe ypoe poo ee, ooe ey ye opepo yooo ooee po oe oeee ooe peo yoooo ooe.

2. OOEO OOOE EOEPEOE O OOO OEEO

2.1 Oooee eoepeoe o yooo oeeo

Oooee o yooo oeeo peepye e 11 oooo oe.

oee yooo-poo op o, oe, oyp ooo e oo peee e , o ye o eoop y p oepe e peye o yooo oeeo , pepy eoo ee oo.

Oo pee: 1. eo ee oeeo oo e o, oo o ee pe pey py, e yooo-po eo (oe o oe oe, po eoepeoeeo peyo oee, ee epeo e, pep pe, peoo eo eoepeoe, . .); 2. o pey (epe oepe peyee eoo pee e, e ee yo eeo poo, eo ooeo pepye eo, e e -o opo poee , e, e pe ooo o poeo o). Oooee o yooo oeeo ooo o yoooo poe, o o e y o ye ye oeey oy ooe poop.[29]

e oooe o yooo oeeo eyo, .e. oooeoy y e pee peo, oope o oe o oe oooe. o oe oeoy eooopooy oooe o yooo oeeo y: . 78 ee po o pee yooo oeeo; .83 p ee poo o oeoo poop y.

2.2 oo oooe o yooo oeeo: oe ee

oeeo oo oooe o yooo oeeo p pe ppo eooo po oe ee. pepe o y pyyp Yoooo oe - e e Oe Ooeo e. O oep e oo oooe o yooo oeeo. p oee e 11 (. 75-78)[30] , oop e: Oooee o yooo oeeo. . 84 oeo oop o oooe o yooo oeeo o , oop oe ooe oooe o , e oooee o yooo oeeo eoepeoe peee pye ep oeoo oe (. 90).

e oo oooe o yooo oeeo eye p e, oope pee Ooeo Y.[31] eo eye yooo ooee P e e oo (. 126, 204, 205, 206, 208, 222, 223, 228 ..). y yoe e p oooe o yooo oeeo ooe pe e pyooye pepe eo oee oo oeoo. oee e e epeo opo pep - eoy oeey oo o ooo. o y oooe o yooo oeeo ooo opooo pep peye e, py - o ooo peope peyoo pey, pp peye.

e ooo e oo oooe o yooo oeeo oo po e py: peoe epe. e oo oooe o yooo oeeo o e oo, p oop oooee o yooo oeeo e po, e oo oeeoo op, oo epe o oo e.

peo oo oooee ee pe (. 75), ppee oepe (.76), e oooee o yooo oeeo eoepeoe peee pye ep oeoo oe (. 90 Y)[32] .

epe oo oooe o yooo oeeo, e oye oo yope o opo oee opo, peyope oo y Oe - . 78 (oooee o yooo oeeo eee poo o) . 84 (oooee o yooo oeeo o ). pe, o oee pep Ooeo Y: o e ee oo oooe o yooo oeeo ep. eyo oo oo e, o o oooe e pee ey -o e ep ooe, oopoe oo oo oe o.

e oo po yee oee. Oo epo py e ye ooy, o e pey po pe o e ye, oeeo yooo oeeo, opo py - oe, y oooee poo o pe e oe opo, yee oop e oe e o o , oooeoo o yooo oeeo.

pe o oo oooe o yooo oeeo ye p - oooee ee pe (. 1 . 75 Y), ppee oepe (. 76 Y) peee pye ep oeoo oe eoepeoe (. 90 Y). op ooe eo opypye e e, oope o oepe oe o o p ooeyeo pee ( oo, oooe pp peye, e pe, ppee oepe pye), o, ye eoepeoe, oe eo p oo, o oo popeo ooey y, e o oeeo (oee pyeo ep oeoo oe).

Oe oo, o oepe, e p o oo. o - eee poo o (. 76 Y) o (. 84 Y). o e y ooe e e peee y oooe o yooo oeeo -o e oeoo.

e e oo oooe o yooo oeeo oo po ooe eyoe. ooe oo ee o ooee e ooee oooeoe o yooo oeeo o opeee ooe oe oo, ooeyee peee ye po, ooo eooo oe pee o pepe yoooo e eo oooe.

eyo oo oo e, o o oooe e pee ey -o e ep ooe, oopoe oo oo oe o. ooeeo, e e oe ooo poeyo e oooe poo o ey pee yooo oeeo.

eye poo ooee eyo e oo oooe o yooo oeeo ( oe, ee), poe ooo - oooe o yooo oeeo eoepeoe peee pye ep oeoo oe[33] . ooe o . 90 Y . 8 Y[34] eoepeoeey oopeeo oooee o yooo oeeo pee o pye ep oeoo oe, peyope yoo oo. E o ee e oe eee yoeoo yo, pep yoooe eo, po, o pye ep oee, eo oooe eoepeoe pee yooo oeeo.

2.3 oooe o yooo oeeo oo

Oooee o yooo oeeo ee pe

oo . 1 . 75 Y P o, poee eeoe pe, oe oooeo o yooo oeeo, e oo epe oepo peyee eoo e, . e. ee, oopoe peyopeo e, e peee y e e oo. oe o oe oooeo o yooo oeeo oepee peye o eop y, eo peyope ooey Ooeo Y P.[35]

oe eeoe p opeee oo, oooe pp peye, oeee peoo yep o oo pe, peoo peye oepe peye ( y, o yep ee oo oe, pe ). o o oo oe opoooe oe opee () , oepeo peyee, ee o e poopee op epee epe e py poy. oo o opooo, o e oe eeo, o, ooe o, oep peyee, oo ooe, o op poop e eo o oepeo peye o , eo oep, o e o po ee, o y e o ee oe , oep ooeyee peyee. o oo oy p: oo pep (pe, o oepeey), e, pep eyepeo ooo p peyee p epe e[36] .

oooe pp peye poe pee , eo oepeo, oo poope op e e ooe e, oe oy oe peyo eeo. yoe , p oy, e op pe opy oepe peye, e ee eoe, ep p . pe ye ooe pe oe Y P ye opee op ooo pp.: ooee op (. 275), peypeee opo (. 205 Y P eppope , o e oepee p, oo e, o oo e e, pe eoo yeeoo yep o ye oeeo o oe, e e oepe e pye oeeo eoo, ype ee o o oe pe pee op , e ypo oepe y e e e e. pee.[37] o, yoee oooe eppop, oooe o yooo oeeo, e oo oepee peypeee opo ooo oooo peope oyee eppop e e oo e oep oo o peye), oee pp peee peye, oe , oep, opye ye, ooo pey ye (. 228 eoe popeee pee e e poe pe opo ee pyo pepe. pee. o, opooo ee poee pe opoe ee o oooee pp peee peye, eo oopoo poe pe opo ee, oe , oep, opye ye, ooo pey ye, oooe o yooo oeeo oe peyee).

pe . 126 Y P oope, o eeoe pe ye e eo oo o ye, e o, oee eoe, opooo ooo eo. oe pe p e oo (. 206 Y P yepe ee o, oepee e oye oyp, op p oep oe-o ee oep o oepe oo-o e yo oooe o.[38] pee. o, opooo o peo e oooee o, oooe o yooo oeeo, e eo e e oep oo o peye) o ooo p yo oooe e e oo opooo, o o peo e.

o, yoee oooe eppop, ye pe . 205 Y P, oooe o yooo oeeo, e oo oepee peypeee opo ooo oooo peope oyee eppop. o ye ooe e e oo y o p, opooo. o oo, ppee oo o y yeoo o e oe oo peypee opo o ooe e eppop. oee oo, yo peopee eppop; . e. eoyee oee peye o o. opo, e eeoo p epeee oe ooeoo peye oee pe eo oepe. O o: pe . 205 Y P peeo oooee o yooo oeeo, e eoope o opoooo o o peye (. 31 Y P), eeoo p.

peeo eooy oopoy opy, oepo, p ee p ypo, po ooe opy (. . 222 eooe popeee, epe, , pee, epeo oee oepeoo opy, oepo, p ee p ypo. pee. o, opooo ee pee, ye oe e, oooe o yooo oeeo, e eo e e oep oo o peye, 223 Y P eoe ooee peo oepeoo opy, oey ee ey, po eooe ooee oepo, p ee p ypo. pee. o, opooo ee pee, ye oe e, oooe o yooo oeeo, e eo e e oep oo o peye), oe yoe eeoo p ye opoo opy oepo. ye eooo oopo poe pe opo ee (. 228 Y P) eeoe pe ooo p oe ey yo: opooo e o ooo pp peee peye, eo oopoo poo; oe , oep; opye ye, ooo pey ye.

pe . 275 Y P (oype e) oope, o o, oepee peyee, peyopee o e, e . 275 (o) 278 (e eoe yepe ) Y P, oooe o yooo oeeo, e oo opoo oepee ooee op opo oooo peope eeo yep epe Poo eep e eo e e oep oo o peye.

, o ye ooeo yo . 75 Y P e ee o p, oepeeoe ooee. Oo p o oe eo o ope o opo oypeo .[39]

oepeeo o ye oe, o y opo ee pe ooo pep ep ep ye y pe oe eoye eeo yep.

O eeo p p oypeo ee pe oe e ye, e peye oepe e e y eype oe e oe pep o e , oepeo oypey ey, ep opo yo e ooo pe o pe e, oop y.

oeee peoo yep - opoooe ooee, o epe ooo, e p , oop pey o epy peye oepeoo peye (opee ypeoo ye, epe oepeey ye eeoo e).

e peoo pe - yeee pe oe peye. oeee yep, oo oo opoo e eo oe oepe peye.

opo, oo p e o op eeoo p ye oee oeo, poepo, o oe ye opooo pepe e o ype oe oeoo.[40]

Oooee o yooo oeeo ppee oepe

ooe o (.76 Y P) o, epe oepee peyee eoo e pee e, oe oooeo o yooo oeeo, e oo ppo oepe o pe, oopoe po ey.

eye, oo, e, o eyee pooe yooo poeyoe ooeo oye ooo pepe oe eop yoo e ye ppe oepeeo oe. , . 25 Y P[41] pepee yoooo e ppee opo oop, o y, e eoe o pyooe eeoo op oe o poypop pe oo e oepeeo eo ooo pee pep yoooe eo ooe , oopeeoo oeoo oepe peye eoo pee e, y, peyope e 76 oooo oe Poo eep, e o o ppo oepe o pe ey pe.

p o ppee oye oo o ye y oeey oy ooe poop. oep . 76 Y ee, o oooee o yooo oeeo ooo p oeo ey yo, pepy oepeoe o peyee, o o o, e eo o peyoe oeee:

peyee oo eop peye eoo pee e;

ooe o oepo peyee epe;

ooo ppee ooo oepe;

ooe o o pe oepe pe.

Pe opo p yo poope op pee o oooe , oepeo peyee, o yooo oeeo o ye e o o ee ooee ppee oo oepe, o oo opeoe opee ep yoooo e.

Oooee o yooo oeeo eee poo o

e opee e eye peyee, e oee eo pey eo peee e. Oo e oe oepe peye poo e o pee ooe o e peo epe yo, oepeoe ee, poo o pey, po, ye e o oeeo o, pee. opo, yooe e ooee o, oepe yo oy o, oe oe oeeo yp ep y, o e p eee. o oe, o oe pyo eeoopo yo opeee po, o ee oopoo poopee op pe p peee o pepe yooo po oe oepeoo peye. eo yeo e peoo yooo oe (. 78 Y P) yoe oo po, eye poo o, eee oopoo o, ooe oepe peye, oooe o yooo oeeo. Oo p o op pepeoo peo yo o yoe eoope pye ye oe yo[42] .

Yoe epe po o: o, e e, e e e. ooe o . 78 Y yo po o yoe peye eoo e; e e peye pee e; e e - peye; e ooo peye.

, eoepeoe oooe o yooo oeeo eee poo o, e o oepe peye e eye po:

) o o oe oepe peye eoo e;

) 3 o oe oepe peye pee e;

) 5 e oe oepe oo peye;

) 7 e 6 ee oe oepe ooo oo peye.

eoepeoe oooe o o eee poo o oeoo poop, e oe e pee oee eye po o ye eo oy y:

) o p oye peyee eoo e;

) 3 o p oye peyee pee e;

) 5 e p oye oe peyee;

) 7 e 6 ee p oye ooo oe peyee.

, oep peyee o oe op 18 e, po oe yo o . 95 Y P p:

oo . 95 Y P ( pe. eepoo o o 05.04.2010 48-)[43] , , oep peye o oe op oe e, po oe yo, peyopee pee 86 oeo oe, op ooeeo p:

) e e oe o oe oee oo, e ee oo;

) ooy oy oe o e oo peyee eoo pee e;

) pe o oe o e oo oe ooo oe peyee.

o e y eee poo o e o oepe peye. o oe, o eo o oo, ee eo oepee peye e op ep oo, po eo o e ooo o oepe e (e ee).

p peye eee po o e o ye ooe, oeo eo eoe pepee, . e. oe ooo oo eo ep. po o p oepe pooeoo peye e e o oe o oeeo opy eo oee e, oe e yo ooo. p eooeo peye (oepe pooe e oye peyee) po o e e o peee pey e ooo; p oepe peye oy po o oeo oo oyo oe oepe ope e, oyoe po oo .

oo . 2 . 78 Y ye oepe o ooo peye po o oe ooeo, .e. ee po o epoe peyee oepe o oo ooo peye oo e oe. ooe . 3 . 78 Y ooo pooee poo o: eee poo o poe, e o, oepee peyee, poe o e y. opo, o ye o ope, ee eee oooe, ye o, oe ep peo o poy eo oo. pe, eee oopoo o, oepee peyee, po o e y, po o e e.

Oo opo oooe o yooo oeeo eee poo o yoe ooe , oep ooo e peye, oope o oy oe e ep oeoe ee oo.

ooe .4 . 78 Y o ye opo o pee o pee yo. peee o oe pe yo peee o oooe o yooo oeeo , oeoo o peye. E e y e oe oo pe o ( yeo pep o ooo o eo oo oepeoo peye), o e epo oeoo e oo oo eo e e e oo opeee po. o ep e pe eoepeoe.

o e pe .5 78 Y P ooe e ooo pee poo o oooe o yooo oeeo p oepe peye po p eoo eoee, poe, ooo, pe eee peo o (. 353 Y), peee pee pe eoo ee o (. 356 Y), eo (. 357 Y) o (. 358 Y). eo o pee oepe peye, oe oe oeeo. E oop o eoepeoe, o o e oy ye peye, e o eoe, eeoe o, oee 16-eeo op.

Oooee o yooo oeeo o o

Oooee o yooo oeeo o o e oo oooee o yooo oeeo (. 84). Oee oe oooee o yooo oeeo , oo o, opeeeo eop , e ooe yo. o e yooo pe oe eo ooeoo op oypeo , e o eee yoo o, e o oee oo oooo poopo y, y , oep peyee.

ooe o . 103 oy Poo eep[44] po oe pe oypeo ye eepoo op P. o oey py, ooe o p -o , , pep, ooee oypeo y eepoo op o 23 ep 1994. O oe pe oy Poo eep[45] .

oooe oo o o , pee e eoe yo e py; oee o pep oe yoooe peeoe.

o op pep, o e e eo eop peye py yeo, e ooe yo, pep, e e, e y ope pe 60 e, eoepeoe, , oep peye o eoopoo ..

Oooee o yooo oeeo o oe oo e , oope oep ye e o peye o ye ooe oypeo y oy y. , oep e peye, pee o ye, e e oe e, o o peyee, peo o yoeo o ( , ye oy y). ooy ee , pep, oepeo oe -o p, e oe o , e oo e epo e o oo oe, y e . Oooee o yooo oeeo ee oe poee oypo ooo, e eo peye. y oo ooe yooo-poey o ye, o pepee yoooo e ee e oye, e oe po oo ope ee o o eoo.

Oooee o yooo oeeo eoepeoe peee pye ep oeoo oe

Oooee o oeeo peee pye ep oeoo pep ooo p ey o yo:

1) oepee peye eoo pee e;

2) pee eoepeoeeo ooo e pee yoooo .

ye pee pye ep oeoo pep eoepeoe, oep peyee, oe oooe o yooo oeeo (. 90), o (. 91). epo ye peee opo o oee popee opo (pep, poypyp), o opo oo o y. . 2 . 90 Y P epee e ep oeoo oe. epe. e o oe, o e pye pep, . e. pe e ye e opo eo poee oe oype opo, ee e ooo o pee.

peypeee, oo oy, peoe pee eoepeoeey pe, peoo eo ee, oe oopoo oepe peye, peyope Y P. ep oe ee oeoe, pooe ee[46] .

epe o op poee , e, o epooo oypeoo op (eoo o, ep) oo ooe y ypee oo o oeoy oe eoepeoeeo opo eo oeee. ep oe pe o e , o pee y, o o. Ee peee eeoopo o ye, e poe pye op oo o opo ooeoe oee.

ooee oo pe pee ye pe epoo yep oepeey oo eo eeo o pyoo oe. e ep yeo yeeoo ooe eoepeoeeo y eo ooey pyo o. e pe pyo oee e pe po ep oe opoo. ee oe oe pe, o o opoo ( e poe, poe) oye ooo e poo , e, e py o oo. o eye pe pe oopoo, e poopo ooo yeeoo peye, oo ep pye eoepeoeeo.

Opee oy yoee oo peo oee eoepeoeeo oy peyp pe oee opeee e, oo opeee op oy, o e ypee ee pop peo, pe o e o oe opeeeoo pee yo, e pye eo e eo opopyeo op. eoepeoeey oe peeo e peoe op opoeoe ypeee o pyoypo. ep oe e oee epeo. O opee oo ope op e poee oy, e pye eo, op e ye po. Oo e ope peey oy e op opo o pe pope, e oo opo opo eo oeee.

eoepeoeey oe e e o, eoo pye ep oeoo oe, pep peypeee ooee oo pe pe.

e y, o eoepeoe yoe o oe pyeo ep, pep ee e oe ooee eo oo peo, ep o pee epooo oypeoo op oe oee, ep o oepeo peye pe pee eoepeoeeo yooo oeeo.[47]


EE

popeoo oo oppo opeeee yooo oeeo y : o-ep, yoo oeeo e oype pyee, oopoe e oepe yooo oeeo; o-op, yoo oeeo pepye opeee e, oope o o peepe.

oo oeoo poe ep e oo e eye o. poe yooo oeeo eoepeoe e ye y yoooo p.

Ooeo yooo oeeo eoepeoe oo opee yoee op yoooo yooo-poeyoo p ee, o pe yoe po, p o pee ep oe, oep, oo e, ope yo oe, oooe o yooo oeeo o , e o po o oe yo.

ooeo yooo oeeo eoepeoe eooo oe:

yoee opoo pee opeee yooo oeeo;

opeeee oee y peeo yooo oeeo;

e yooo oeeo eoepeoe oyoe e oo oo-ooe ooeo o eoepeoeeo, o pooe e peo oeo o eoepeoeeo pey.

O p, ooy oepe peye opo, oo oe ooo e, ee eo oe oyee opo o e, yoeopee o opeoe oe p opoo e oe o, pe o epo.[48]

e eoepeoe (o oee po) opepye y eooo yoo popo ooe e, ye o opo, p oepe peye oe e, oopoe ye ooo e pe oo pey, e oe pee, ooe oo peo. oee po , ee oo, pee e y, o eee po e oe oee oee ee .[49] e yooo oeeo eoepeoe e pep , o, po e oo e oe pe 10 e; e oe eo e e e py. Oooee o yooo oeeo - epo-poo y, oo po p epeo , oep oeeo-oe e, ooo oe ee oe yoooo ooe o ope peyo.

e ee oooe , e o 18 e, o yooo oeeo peee ep oeoo oe, o e yoe oo ep oypeoo pye eoepeoe e pe eoe pe e pee yooo oeeo. pye ep ooy, o o po oee eo o o eoepeoeeo eo ooo pee, oe , oep peye, py . pe oeee o oype opo, ee e ooo.

ooeo yooo oeeo opee e oo-ooe yo oppo o, e e oe, o eyee ooeo pee ooee o o, o pe o o o o ee. oo oeeo- oeoy pyy. P oo e oe. o ppe oyo oo p, oype opo oee op. oepee opo peye o oey o yey eo o ooe. o o ooo p o opoo opo oep oe ee, oe oo yo po , ooe pyoe.

Op oooo pee ee opoo, oppoe o eoepeoe eooo opooo op , ee po opo ypee e po eopo popye eoepeoe, yee opo eeo p opoo, p, ye peypo oeo epe oeee eoo oy, p eo yyp op ooe pe po o poe peooe poe peyo opoo.

opo, peee poe, poo peyo eoepeoe, e ee e opeeoo pooo oe oyp. ooy eooo poo eepey oy, ooyy oee y e, opoe ypee, poope opo, ypee e po popye eoepeoe. o o o o oep pee oo-ooe poe, oo ooe p peyo eoepeoe, eoe ooee opo, op pyoypo oy opoo, peoe eoepeoe ooo oyepe oo-o o eeo.

O OEO EPP

1) epe oe po opo PP o 14 p 1918 o O o eoepeoe// o O.. peo o op oeeeoo oyp p. 1917 - 1991 . - .: epo, 1997.

2) oy Poo eep 1993. // "Po e" o 25 ep 1993 o

3) ooee ey epooo y P O yeo pe o e o peye eoepeoe o 14 ep 2000 o 7. .7. // eee epooo y Poo eep, N 4, 2000 .

4) ooee oypeo y oe eep o 23 ep 1994. O oe pe oy PԻ// Po e. 1994. 26 ep.

5) ooee pe P o 11 2002 . N 518 O yepe epe oe, pey oep oye eoepeoe e yeo-oe ypee poo opo ype opoe // ope ooe Poo eep. - 15 2002. - 28. - . 2873.

6) ooee P o 23 p 1942 o O ypoe ee, o e poee// P. 1942. 2. . 26.

7) ooee ey epooo y P o 17 ep 1948 o O pee yo o 4 1947 o ooe eoepeoe// yp Po " 6, 7. -, "pe epyp, 1997.

8) ooee o 5 pe 1935 o O ep op peyo eoepeoe// op oyeo o op yoooo ooe P PP. 1917-1952. .: 1953.

9) Yoo oe Poo eep o 13.06.1996 63- (pe. o 06.05.2010) // "ope ooe P" - 10.05.2010, "Po e" - 11.05.2010).

10) Yooo-poey oe Poo eep o 18 ep 2001 . N 174- ee ooe 08.12.2003 N 161-. //"Po e" o 22 ep 2001 ., No 249 (2861).

11) Yooo-oe oe Poo eep o 25 ep 1996 . ee ooe 19.06.2001 N 85-.//Po e 1 op 2007 .

12) Yoo oe o 27.10.1960 . PP ( ee ooe 01.07.1994 o)//"ope ooe P", 22.05.95, N 21, . 1927

13) Yoee o yoo pe. ., 1845 o // yp poo yoooo p. 1873. 1. .5-32.

14) Y pey epooo oe P o 15 ep 1977 o O ooe Oo yoooo ooe o P o pey e 39-1// eoo epooo oe P. 1977. N 8. . 137.

15) eep o P O oo e po eopo popye eoepeoe o 24.06.1999 120 .// ope ooe Poo eep, N 26, 28 1999 o, .3177.

eypoo-poe

16) eo ep p eoe o 10.12.1948 // p eoe. Ooe eypoe oye. ., 1989. . 134-142.

17) oe o p pee OO o 20 op 1989 // eypooe po oye. - ., 1984. - 430 .

18) e pe p OO, e ope poy ooe eoepeoe (ee p) yepe peoe 40/33 eepo e OO o 29.11.1985 // eypooe po oye. - ., 1988. - 570 .

19) Pyooe p OO peypee peyo pe eoepeoe 1990 ., p p-Pe yepe peoe 45/112 45 e eepo e OO. // eypooe po oye. - ., 1999. - 630 .

y epyp:

20) epo .. poe yooo oeeo eoepeoe // eoe. eepoe e. 2003. 7.

21) epo .. o y oooe o yooo oeeo eoepeoe // Po eoe. 2006.

22) oe .., O ep o oepeo pooo oeee po popye eoepeoe // Po eoe. 2003. - 5.

23) opoo, .. O eoop e yooo oeeo eoepeoe / .. opoo. op e / O. pe. .. Epo, .. yo. y. 2008. . 216..

24) e .., pyep .. ooe peyo - .: p. .,. 2006.

25) ye .. eypoo-poe oo oeeo eoepeoe: oo pe yooo ooee Pey epy py oyp. // Po . 2003. -1.

26) o ., o . oe po ppo pye ep oeoo oe // Yoooe po. - 2004. - 3.-.32-34.

27) Yoooe po Po :O Ooe // o pe. .. o . oo yepe Po, 2006. . 14..

28) p oo peyo 2009 o // -OP http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=3832

29) yee .. Ooeo opeeo peyo Po // o oe pee .. o. ., 2003, . 263-271.

30) o .. Pooe yoooe ooeo: o peoo . ., 2000.

31) eeo ., yy P. oeoe eee py ooe eoepeoe // Po . - 6. - 2002.

32) epye . p pope yoo e ooe eoepeoe // Po . - 2000. - 6.

33) .. Oeeo eoepeoe. - .: E 1980.

34) yoo .E. eoe yoooe po: oe, pyyp, o // yp pooo p. 2002. - 3.

35) po P.., po E.., Epo .. e, ee oo. - ., 2003. - . 26.

36) y, .., o, .. Yoo oeeo y eop poo poo op. ee, ooe, epe: oop / .. y, .. o. .: -. 2004.

37) peyo poopo Po. e e. 2009: . . oo Po. ., 2009. .31.

38) yoo . ye oee eoepeoe peyy pyy. // Po. . 2000. - 12. .37-38.

39) p O.., oe .. poe op poypopoo op oee ooe o eoepeoe // e e eepo poypyp Poo eep. yo-pe yp. 2007. 2 (2). . 62-66.

40) Pye .. O ooo ee o o ooeoo op yoooe pye op ooe // yp pooo p. 2005. - 5.

41) Pooe yoooe po. 2 . .1. O : Ye./o .., opo .., oeo .., p.; Pe. .. Ppo - .: poopoe, 2001, . 123.

42) ooe ee peyo Poo eep: pooe yooo-poo po / poe ypee oo poop p eepo poypype P; Po, epe yoooo po Po; o o. pe. . . ype, . . po. ., 2007. 383 .

43) yo .. ooo-pe ep eoepeoeeo oeoo // Po . - 2007. - 7.

44) e . . Yoooe yoee 22 p 1903. / : 1904 Yoooe po Po. O Ooe. / o pe. .. ype, .. yo. - .: poe, 2003.

45) eeo .. ye peye: peooee poeo yoooo o // yp pooo p. 2002. - 2.

46) yeo .. Ooeo pee ooeoo yoooo p ep oeoy yeep // po oopye . - 6. - 2004.

47) eeo .. pooe peypoe oeeo eoepeoe. e: Yp, 1976.

ye p:

47. Yoooe eo o oe .. o .147 1 p epooo pooo y . e 2002 .: eo 1-98-2002.

48. Yoooe eo o oe . . o o .139 .13 2 p epooo pooo y . e 2002 .: eo 1-234-2002.

49. Yoooe eo o oe .. ooo o .339 1 p epooo pooo y . e 2002 .: eo 1-234-2002.

1. eoope ee o pyype oye eoepeoe o Po 2002-2009 o (ye e %)[50]

py eoepeoe 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Oyeo - eo ( eoe) 116,5 121,0 120,6 132,2 146,7 148,6 142,8 88,3
14-15 e 25,5 25,6 31,1 33,2 33,4 32,8 33,1 32,3
16-17 e 74,5 74,4 68,9 66,8 66,6 67,2 66,9 67,7
o ee o poee 39,8 39,6 38,7 38,9 39,4 39,6 41,3 43,2
o e e 5,4 5,3 5,3 5,3 5,4 5,5 6,2 7,0
e ye e poe 40,1 40,6 36,8 36,8 36,7 36,0 36,0 36,8
oep peye oo oooo oe 34,7 33,0 28,6 25,2 22,2 21,7 25,5 34,0
Pee ye ( eo eoeo yo) 11,5 6,1 13,9 13,9 14,4 13,1 10,7 9,2
pee oyee e oo - - 5,4 5,6 5,8 5,6 5,1 5,4
pe eye (yo oe) - - 2,9 2,9 2,9 4,7 8,2 11,1
oo yee e oype op 26,3 24,6 13,4 12,9 12,4 12,4 14,8 16,8

[1] eo ep p eoe 1948 . // p eoe. Ooe eypoe oye. ., 1989. . 134-142.

[2] oe o p pee OO o 20 op 1989 . // eypooe po oye. - ., 1984. - 430 .

[3] e pe p OO, e ope poy ooe eoepeoe (ee p) yepe peoe 40/33 eepo e OO o 29.11.1985// eypooe po oye. - ., 1988. - 570 .

[4] Pyooe p OO peypee peyo pe eoepeoe 1990 ., p p-Pe yepe peoe 45/112 45 e eepo e OO.//eypooe po oye. - ., 1999. - 630 .

[5] p oo peyo 2009 o // -OP http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=3832.

[6] peyo poopo Po. e e. 2009: . . oo Po. ., 2009. .31.

[7] Yoo oe Poo eep o 13.06.1996 63- (pe. o 06.05.2010) // "ope ooe P" - 10.05.2010, "Po e" - 11.05.2010).

[8] Yoooe po Po. O Ooe. / o pe. .. ype, .. yo. - .: poe, 2003.

[9] opoo, .. O eoop e yooo oeeo eoepeoe / .. opoo. op e / O. pe. .. Epo, .. yo. y. 2008. . 216.

[10] y, .., o, .. Yoo oeeo y eop poo poo op. ee, ooe, epe: oop / .. y, .. o. .:. 2004. . 230

[11] Yoee o yoo pe. ., 1845 o//yp p. yoooo p. 1873. 1. .5-32.

[12] e . . Yoooe yoee 22 p 1903. / : 1904

[13] epe oe po opo PP o 14 p 1918 o O o eoepeoe// o O.. peo o op oeeeoo oyp p. 1917 - 1991 . - .: epo, 1997.

[14] ooee o 5 pe 1935 o O ep op peyo eoepeoe// op oyeo o op yoooo ooe P PP. 1917-1952. .: 1953.

[15] ooee P o 23 p 1942 o O ypoe ee, o e poee// P. 1942. 2. . 26.

[16] ooee ey epooo y P o 17 ep 1948 o O pee yo o 4 1947 o ooe eoepeoe //yp "Po " 6, 7. -, "pe epyp", 1997.

[17] Yoo oe PP o 27.10.1960 . ( ee ooe 01.07.1994 o) - ., eo E, 1994.// "ope ooe P", 22.05.95, N 21, . 1927

[18] Y pey epooo oe P o 15 ep 1977 o O ooe Oo yoooo ooe o P o pey e 39-1//eoo epooo oe P.

[19] Pye .. O ooo ee o "o ooeoo op" yoooe pye op ooe // yp pooo p. 2005. - 5.

[20] epo .. poe yooo oeeo eoepeoe // eoe. eepoe e. 2003. 7.. 140.

[21] ooe ey epooo P 7 o 14 ep 2000 . O yeo pe o e o peye eoepeoe// Po e o 14 p 2000 . N 50, eee epooo y Poo eep, N 4, 2000 ., poe Poo e N 13, 2000 .

[22] Yoooe eo o oe .. o .147 1 p epooo pooo y . e 2002 .: eo 1-98-2002.

[23] Yoooe eo o oe . . o o .139 .13 2 p epooo pooo y . e 2002 .: eo 1-234-2002.

[24] Yoooe eo o oe .. ooo o .339 1 p epooo pooo y . e 2002 .: eo 1-234-2002.

[25] ooee ey epooo y P O yeo pe o e o peye eoepeoe o 14 ep 2000 o 7. .7 // ee epooo y Poo eep, N 4, 2000 .

[26] epye . p pope yoo e ooe eoepeoe // Po . - 2000. - 6

[27] opo pee yoooo o peypee peye/o pe. .. o . .: oo yepe Po, 2006. . 14.

[28] yoo .E. eoe yoooe po: oe, pyyp, o // yp pooo p. 2002. - 3.

[29] .. Oeeo eoepeoe. - .: E 1980

[30] ye .. eypoo-poe oo oeeo eoepeoe: oo pe yooo ooee Pey epy py oyp. // Po . 2003. -1.

[31] epo .. o y oooe o yooo oeeo eoepeoe // Po eoe. 2006. 5

[32] e .., pyep .. ooe peyo - .: p. ., . 2006.

[33] o ., o . oe po ppo pye ep oeoo oe // Yoooe po. - 2004. - 3.-.32-34.

[34] Yooo-poey oe Poo eep o 18 ep 2001 . N 174- ee ooe 08.12.2003 N 161-.//"Po e" o 22 ep 2001 ., No 249 (2861).

[35] yee .. Ooeo opeeo peyo Po // o oe pee .. o. ., 2003, . 263-271.

[36] eeo .. pooe peypoe oeeo eoepeoe. e: Yp, 1976. . 410.

[37] yoo .E. eoe yoooe po: oe, pyyp, o // yp pooo p. 2002. - 3.

[38] eeo ., yy P. oeoe eee py ooe eoepeoe // Po . - 6. - 2002.

[39] p O.., oe .. poe op poypopoo op oee ooe o eoepeoe // e e eepo poypyp Poo eep. yo-pe yp. 2007. 2 (2). . 62-66.

[40] o .. Pooe yoooe ooeo: o peoo . ., 2000.

[41] Yooo-poey oe Poo eep o 18 ep 2001 . N 174- ee ooe 08.12.2003 N 161-. //"Po e" o 22 ep 2001 ., No 249 (2861).

[42] eeo .. ye peye: peooee poeo yoooo o // yp pooo p. 2002. - 2.

[43] eep o o 05.04.2010 N 48- "O ee ee 95 Yoooo oe Poo eep" // "ope ooe P", 12.04.2010, N 15, . 1744.

[44] oy Poo eep 1993.// "Po e" o 25 ep 1993 o

[45] ooee oypeo y eepoo op o 23 ep 1994. O oe pe oy Poo eep //Po e. 1994. 26 ep.

[46] oe .., O ep o oepeo pooo oeee po popye eoepeoe // Po eoe. 2003. - 5.

[47] yo .. ooo-pe ep eoepeoeeo oeoo // Po . - 2007. - 7.

[48] eo ep p eoe 1948 . //p eoe. Ooe eypoe oye. ., 1989. . 134-142.

[49] eepo P O ooepoeopopopyeeoepeoe o 24.06.1999 120 .// ope ooe Pooeep, N 26, 28 1999 o, .3177.

[50] poopeyo 2009 o // -OP http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=3832

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