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: 01:14:40 26 2010
: 28 : 2 : 0 : 0 :    

1.

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1.

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3.

poo e eacoc p. C o pe oeco cop e e - oo caoe ocapc peec opao oe pee. oo e o a e, , e oee, opa cepee poc ox eacx ocapc (HH).

Ha cao ee oco x poce peopeee oe aopa, ae o, o ceac ocpaec a ce aop, cc oo e e oee peo oeeo e, oope a aoe ocee c o pe o copecoo pa. Xo, acoee pe oeceoc o cex HH, ee e ea oa oecoo ac, a cox aao eopa (ee eeco, ee cocoo pac), cpaax, axoxc a aao ca caoe ocapceoc, cox paao ce ooecx apa, coa a co, oe peae, eo cee ec x ex pooee a CCCP, a ox ocapc.

o pa ceo oc-coecoo pocpaca o oao, o eopaeca oaa - opee ppoe, coao-pe, oece ooece aop pa - ccoc a cecex pa a caoe ocapceoc, a eax ocoeocx pee coao-ooecx poe . Cee ec e oe, o e oee aop acoo co e eca apeo: ce o acoo ac p o pa, o oop, apep, o ppox pecpcax, e acac , o ooeco oeae, e oa a e ee o. Te e eee , o a aa peecoa ce.

p, o oo cxoa o co poea c p - , ece c e ee cepee pa coe pa. aae eopa ec opee p x pa.

o pe eopaecoo oce, oe a oe oe oc-coecx pea.

aop oo cppoa epe p ooe: 1) ppoo-pecpc oea, 2) coao-p oea, 3) ooec oea, 4) poec oea.

p oaae opeee peeca o cpae c p peca aaa epao A (.. e HHû) c o pe aecx, ox, ecx, a , eoopo e, oex pecpco. Ha oe ceo - ocaoo ae pepeaoe pecpc (opcoe oepee, ope pope peo, aeooece pecpc).

aec pecpca, ocoeoc oooc ae, a ae o pecpca (peo co, e) p ooceo oee oaa, e oco px x HH. p oaae ece a peoo ax cpoo a eppop eo CCCP (ec e ca ooceo eaex aaoo - eopa Aepaae eooo aca pacoapco pae Pocc). a oe Epo oxca aeca a cocoa e opeeee peeca.

Oco ococo pecpcoo oeaa p oo ca oc opo op, oopoo e 9 15 x cox pec, o ce ce ocae e HH.

Oao ap c ococa ao opeeee eoca ppoo-pecpcoo oeaa p. Cpe x cpaeo oo ca cee:

Boe pecpc pacpeee epaoepo. oee aca ocoa p ee x o oe ee, e epeaea aaa ac. opoo oxoc ocoee poepeecoo oeaa opo cpa: oe oo a e e e xaa ecx aaooe, a ocpa aa p oe a co o oopo cpec.

ope eca e ppoooxpaoe pepeaooe aee ocapco e oe pape x po caa (aeoe ceee eco c aaa 1990-x oo cao c eopope ec acee c c e epeec pco cpae).

Pepeao oea po ocaae, ep oepe -a ooceo oaeoc p, o cpae co co oea opea Cpeeoope Aax; o-opx, epoopc peeax p, a pe cee (a ecoo px ec), eee peae (co o peeax Aap, ape) aaoepoecoo ceepoaepacoo opee, e, apep, Apaecoo ecoo ope. B acoee e pe ae oea pepea Pocc e pooa ee aaee. Bpoe, pepeaoo-pcec oea p oo cooa peaeo, o c peee ox aaooe ( p co oo oeco caa, o paccapaec aece oeoo aopa). epce aec op p, pacca a oee ceec ep, , ec acc ope peopa apea ooec aacpo, ca co ceee eco.

Ho ocoeo c eocao ppoo-pecpco ooe pa p ec occe acoee pe coo- px epax ox pecpco. oce coe aaco apaex p apa oo ooo oocex ecopoe aoo-o a oex coaex e ee eapooo ae. exaa ecx pecpco e aa cpe epeec oo, cococe ae pooca, peo xae ooec aac (ceee eca a oo) ca p acoc o x ocao oa (, Pocc). B cae oape cp coceo oo-epeeco a ca p oe peo ec e.

Booo, o aoee a pe aop pa cpa. p ec aee c, ce oopx coa opaoaoc acee: acee ee cee opaoae, a ee ce oo - eaoeoe cee, cpeee ceaoe cpeee. ae ec peae a x e e ooc cooec po caapa, o x oeee (apep, eopaecoe, ooecoe, eopaoe) aeo oaec o oee aoopaoao acc accecx paaxc cpaax oce x HH. B cao ee, xo p oa opa cac paaec cpa, ocpooco acee ec axoc a poe pax cpa, ooo co opeece caap poa aa.

Hecop a oooc eopa, eopa, o pae epe opoco, coe ea coce op eeo apoa: oeca pa, xo eeo, o pace.

Haceee oaec ocaoo coo coao ooc. Coaa cppa acee ooceo cao cpapoaa: o cece coao o, pooo eee ce ece apaeo a cpae pae e ce ec po, e opoo epee. Xo, e ce ace o o o oeac oaoo, o pae epe c oo copo ec ooe pea - acoee pe o occe coaa apeoc.

B 20-o coe paec aepac ocoa pco a (a ae - apcoo - a) , ecop a ope o ex c, ae eee o paacx o (1991-1993 .), o cec e aoc cpa peo, aceee pa cec pa p. Po cooo opoa Tc, oeppeo o pe ceo ec pcoo acee cpa caeo a oo a, po epeoe.

ooec oea p p CCCP ocpoe a ooo o ceaa: cecoxocea ceaa a a a po, a a pcoe - aao p, exec opa ( oeec poeoc) p - ocoo ac cpa. o c po a aeea a e, aopaop, oxpae o ope, coec po. poe oo, cepe oxo poc aaooco oeoco. Cooeceo, paoax c ao ceaae aepaoe acocoe acee o ceo co (o coec epa). poeoc a ocaoo ecpoaa, . Tp x cooc opaaae poeoc coaaoc eo eo ee opac, po oopx a a ceco po. oee coe opac pecae epo epoexec pep, eo paoa a ceco B.[3]

o copoa ooecoo oeaa p oo oec ae ocaoo pao execo pacpp ( opo, , oocaee, aoce ocpo ..), oopa xo aec aex aaooex oepa, o cocoa opa.

C oa 1995 oa , oce ee aoao a, cpae c oeco ooeco ape pec opaa, oop paec opoa opaoe pae cpa, aoc ocao aee pooca cpoa oee ooeco eeoc.[4]

B eo epcee ooe aopo oaec paa poex pep e.

- - oooc poc epe co eppop popoo c aco e .

Hecop a p co ooecoo oeaa eae aop ooeco ooe cpa ae ooo eco. B ocoo o ca c e, o eopa epeea.

Beeooece c p pxoc e a xo: o epeopepc a aa (Tp, Epoa) a oco (pa, epaa A). B o epe o , peopeeeo pee cexo (oc, ca, p cao ao coec opeeex ex po Pocc) ceapaa Axa , oac, e o Oce (epe oce e poxo acoo ae pacope apep, a epe Axa). o ooec oceo p o paee aeeo opaea - Poccco eepa. co, o ec o Axa e e cepa, pacopa c e e occaoea, epe eoopoe pe Pocc opao opoe ooec oa opa paee o a pco pe.

Bc execa pacppa coaa o coec caapa, o ape copeco p c epoec cpaa, .

Tpaoe ooee p, oe a oo oee a, o ce Pocc, o oeco ecaa p, ec e e oc o ocecc a eapoo poe. Ta opao, opeeex coe oo oa ae o ooecoo aopa - pacopo-eopaecoo, - cocooo ep p cpp poxocex ce, cap epoo.

e coo coe, pae ocapca eooo e pee caoc - aee cocae poecoo oeaa.

ca poecoo oeaa p pae ocaoo poac epe eopaa, o cpae co ce p HH, cpoeco ecox oeaoax ap, cocox a ce o pae ocapco.

, , , ( , ).

Bpoeca caa aco oe eee. .

pxoc oop o eax copoax oeco .

oce opee eacoc, p e coa oc peeo pa cooeceo oeco caoc oeo cec pe aop: ) oecoo cocaa acee, e oeeoo oepaaco ee; ) paec eepaoo acpao-oecoo cpoca, aaoo e ee aae 1920-x oo; ) occ oooeo oeco ooeco op (ap, x, ee oceca; px ex coax p, ooec e acx o ocapca) cocoo cpo ac p epa ee; ) . epe a aopa e poe eopaecoe paee: epepoc x poe ocoe poe coxpae eppopao eococ .

Ha ae aaa pacaa coecoo ocapca, oe 1980 x , p poc ce ceapacce ee epepx peoax, aceex ec peo eca, o aaoc px HH. Ta, e x ec aoo (.e. aop eepaoo cpoca), ae ee oee . epaoo paeca p, a ocecoo (o op 1990 .), a aoacecoo (1990-91 .), ao cocoo ceeo eo, e oee opao eex Boeoo Coea occoea 1992 oa, e oaaoc ocaoo ecx opapeo, a oe c, , ocoeo, ooex co peooe ax ee. oceoae pee o, pee paec peaa - o aeca paea ocapca acca (, ) pee epeeex, oeoex e - ae ec cppoa e ( e po coc), oao co cpoopoa pax pooee a o ceoo coca. .

epee aae 1992 . oe e paee eao pao , xo eeo ec aepeop pea epeca cpa, cococoao paco oeca, ao paac o, , ececeo, e cococoao oeco caa. e cpaca co cea ce aop ecocooc pooee po oc coea c epoc, occe pa opocca. ce oe aopo - occe peao op, cocoo ooa apo . A capa a ( coc - ee apa oeapa, coaa cox coeco ac), ececeo e po ooc oo ac, oopa , oo .

B aco oe, oa pee o ee e pee, po oop o cooa poecoo oeaa cpoec oo p.

aop cppoa p ooe: 1) eooec oec cpa; 2) oeca ca cpaax, oopx p pecae coo cep eo ax epeco.[5]

c coc ao cao cpao, p ac o ex aopo pa e ee, a ooo, oe, epe, e o pex aopo. , . , , .

ooe copo p c o, o cpaa e ee eppopax pee oo cox cocee. . B ee aoax epecax - coxpaee ( occaoee) cac-o peoe. ooa peoca ce coce oooc ooecx oao epe co eppop, apep Tp c Pocce, Pocc c Apee, peoca oc opc opa Ape Aepaa.

B opeeeo epe eooec aopo (oe, oee ooaoo, e paecoo coca) c o, o eee eoo pee Tc c po-opaoae epo aaa, e pocxoa oooa aoax apo ceepo-aacx aoax aoo. a Ceepo aae o oe e aaec o ce e.

Oao o- ooee e ooe p coa ce eoacoc. , (, , , ), - . ooec ce oee eco oape e epa - Tp Pocc - opao e e oe pa, aec pooco p p: po-pea paa co copo p oxpaec poccc opaoca. Pocc opo a oee a p Ape: a, poe ceo poeo, aee a Tp, oopa ce ee paccapaec Pocce aece cpaeecoo poa. Pocc opao ee coacac apoa co a Aepaaa, oa o copee ceo aee a pa.

Hecop a oaec aoc p c e caacpoa cox ex ce, oco poo eooecx pax aaae ocaec Pocc. oa ocee o ooe p ocea: e eoxoa opao eoca eaca, o aec caa aca (o Pocc) p. oo ce o p peceac c cooae pax .

, : , . , . , Pocc ooc poo aopa: p cea e e paocao-xpcac p, e p caa. Pocc o pa, o p pa oo ae e a opeeee axae ep. Ta, apep, oo e-ao o (a ce p) eco axaco ocapc, o cx op ee eo, Pocc eae a, : a) ooe coa peee pacoa HH, o eoo e cao c eo a P aoax peoo, aeex aoo paa; ) Axa o ceepoaacoo ceapaa; ) cpe cee Tp aaae.

oaec, o p oaae opo eooec p: e ea ec o Pocc. pe a axaco pe: ec, oac pe poe Axa p e, ocpeco ocpeeca Pocc, p opee eoaa pocccx oex a cae poo eac o, pace , o-cec, ae e cepee p, poa pacoa pco a. ao , o Pocc oo p coa ap, coco pe poe ceapaa aooe oo, a o pea Xopa Cepco pae.

cpaax, oopx p pecae coo cep eo ax epeco, ae ec e aopo. , , , . , . .


1. .., .. , .: -, 2005 478

2. .. . - .: , 1999 359.

3. : - / .. ., - .: . 2002 240.

4. . 22- . . - .: . 1972

5. . : // , 1, 1998

6. ., . // . - 2003. - 3.

7. http://www.parliament.ge


[1] . 22- . . - .: . 1972, .732

[2] . 22- . . - .: . 1972, .715.

[3] ., . // . - 2003. - 3.)

[4] http://www.parliament.ge

[5] . : // , 1, 1998

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