364 , , : , , , , , , . , , , .
:
364150
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(123)
(23)
(113)
(4)
(4814)
(5227)
(2616)
(3423)
(4214)
(1518)
(68)
- (2836)
(8269)
(50)
(50)
(762)
(2)
(5275)
(30)
(1222)
(43)
(20403)
(465)
(19)
(108)
(173)
(96)
(899)
(54)
(34)
(476)
(106)
(62792)
(3562)
, (6444)
(2165)
(21320)
(766)
(64)
(3145)
(60)
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(588)
(1000)
(106)
(48)
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(8485)
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: (2044)
(11657)
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(2257)
(12491)
(91)
(797)
(1338)
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, (214)
(1141)
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(21697)
(7850)
(3801)
(682)
, (2881)
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(443)
(952)
(2967)
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(4592)
(5386)
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(2244)
(23)
(29)
(35)
(4517)
(20645)
- (666)
(119)
(2573)
(889)
(288)
(148)
, (1140)

: 1921-1941

: 1921-1941
:
: 06:43:00 15 2008
: 162 : 2 : 0 : 0 :    

1921-1941

1.

20- . 1921 12% , 2, 5%. 80%. . .

. 92%. 1920 64 % .

, , , , , , , , , . . .

() 1921 , : ; ; - ; ; ; .

1925 . 1925 . 75% 1913 ., 1926 . 8%. 1925 . 13%. . : 1925/26 . 2,9 . 4,2 . 2,2 . 4,2 . 1913 . .

1925 . , , , .

1925 . 1925 . 1913 ., 7,5% . 1925 . 1913. 82%. . , , .

, 1924/25 . . - , 1924 . : 1923. 1925 . 21%. 1924/25 . .

1924 , . . , , , . . .

8 . . 1921 . 21, 7 . . 1926 . 1925 . , (, , ) 1913 . 1926 . 26 . . .

. . , , 32, % , 67,6% - , , . , . , . , , . .

2. (1926-1928 .)

1926 . , : .

. - , - , .

, . . , . ( 1925 1928 .) 3, 3 . .

. , , .

800 .

: , ( 1927/28 . 3,3 . 4,2 . 1913 . ). . . . 1926-1928 . , .

( 600-700 . ). . ( , . .), .

3.

( 1927 . 13%, 1928 . 21%, 1929 . 26%), : , : 1926/27 . 4, 1%, 1927/28 . - 3, 2%, 1929 . 3%. 1927 . 91%, - .

, , . 20- 12 .

. . . , 15-16 . 1913 . 24-25 . 1927 ., (85, 3%) (74%). : 1926/27 . 662 . , 1927/28 . 627 . . ( 1913 . 1, 3 . . ).

. 1928 . , .

: ( ), .

1929 . 1929 . , 60% , .

20-30. - , - , . , , .

4.

(1928/29-1932/33 .)

Oco aaa epoo eeo aa c:

1) pepaee CCCP cpa apapo ocao ycpay, ooec oe caocoey eacy o aacecx cpa;

2) coaeao ycp, oopa a cocoaepeoopy peopaoa ce opac apooo xocaa ae coaa;

3) epeo aeo acc ex papoexpeccx xoc a pec pyoo oeoo xoca;

4) ecee aacecx eeo, oeceeeoe coacecooceopao cex opacxapooo xoca, ocpoee ooecoo aca coaa;

5) ypeeeoopoococooc CCCP, coae oo eoxox ooecx execx peoco;

6) oe aepaoro yypoo ypo coecooapoa, pee xoce yyp oe ocaxpaoo aoaoce CoaCCP.

eey ay paepaaooe apooe xoco opeee cye64,6 p. py. 2,5 paaoe, e a peye 5 e. o ce poeoc epa19,5 p. (eco 5,3 p. py.). 78% cex aaooe poeoc apac a paeeo ycp. e a peycapa ocpo 42 pye paoeepoca, ye pooco epoep 4,5 paa; oec ay yya c3,5 o 10 . ; oy y c35 o 75 . ; poy aocpoe oa a yec 3,5 paa . . Coacec ceop ceco xoceoe ocee oy e a 15% ce aoo poy cecooxoca(eco 2% 1927/28 .), aocee oa eoo coca 17,5% ce oceo oa. Haoa oxo a ee oe yoc.

oe apex ao ycpaa peoac opoecpeca. Oco x coo oc cecoexoco, oyacpecaaac ocpeco peepoo aoroooe. a paepyapoa poaa o, cpoppoac ac, aoepeoa, oae ca eeoeocyapcee a. ac cpeca eo poeoc. cpaopap epa pooc cop epa, eca, y. Bac o ae a pacpoaycopaxa ea eoce ocyapcex yee.

Oao c cpo paepae ooo cpoeca, apy cpoeo yee cpec, oa poea eoro cnooa aax oe. Cpoecocoe oeo o aao e aepaoc -a exa cp, oa, oopyoa, paoe c. Koy 1930 . 40 % aaooe poeoc aopoe eaepex oeax. Cceapopeo pacpeee aepax pecypco paoe c pacpocpaac, npeeceo, a ecoo y ap x oeo, oope cac pep ce cpae, apep: emaypuecue ouam Ky e e Ma mo opc e , mpa mop e ao Xap o e euce, a mo o e ao Moc e Hu e Ho opo e .

Ta, acpa coco (caaa o pacpe pecypco) copeee oe coo apoae, eycy o a e o ca oo aex ocoeoce coeco oo.

cyx pyx p a epo e oaac eoe. aypa oaae e oco aooo ooaae e. Beco17 yya o aeo 6,2 . , , . .

Te pa ycp ya c23,7 % 1928/29 xoceo royo 5% 1933.

5.

(1933-1937 . )

, . . 2,1 , 8 . 16, 5%. 69, 5 . ., 53, 4.( 2, 5 , ) 16, 1 . . ( 4, 6 , ).

opo e a eo oe a 4 oa 3 eca. 1937 . poeoc aa poy 2,2 paaoe, e 1932 ., aea poeoc 3,4 paaoe. poy aocpoe poca o 1,5 paaeco 2,1 paa, aeex ao, o oece execoe epeoopyee o cex opace apooo xoca ypeeeoopoococooc CCCP. Oaoaa eeo aa poocy oo, yp, pacopaopo, coxcao, ecoo oopyoa e oe.

poy epo eaypr a opy ey ypoac Oaoaae eeo aa ae yya o eooeo a 9%. Baae oee e yoac, aa a yeac 41 pa. aoo coaapoeoc poocy e, ooa, a p. poy xeco poeoc poca 3 paaCoa pyee ao poocy ceecooayya, aox, ax yope aao.

oa y a ee o yoac, aoa e yeac a oype. Oaooa poeoc e cpaac caae e, o coaocepeepyoc pao poex pep, epoca, eex opo.

Kpyeycex ocy pa eo eo poeoc. Cpeeooo e ppoca x poy coca 14,8% Xo o e aapoaoro, o aeo e, e epo ee (11,7%). cpoop eax pa opaee A aeo yeae) ( epo ee 28,5% 11,7%, o opo ee19% 14,8%).

a o opo e cp ea paaac oopoa poeoc, poy oopo yeac oee e 2,8 paa, apoy aaoo poeoc 5,5 paa. aoap ycexa pa oopoo poeoc, aae eo poeoc eo a o epx yx eo a ocoo peeaaaa execoo epeoopye Kpaco Ap.

Koea epe ocoo a aoea Kpy a nepe cea exaa ccooxoca: a o epo epe oya oee 300 . paopo, 114 c. oao, 132 c. pyox aoa oeco pyo ex. oce oa a neepoc 5,6 . a. poy eee, cocaa 1933 . 121% ypo 1913 ., 1937 ocra 150% ooeoy ypo. Opeee ycex ocy oac oooca. o epo e oo peocopaoc: 193 . eopo cocaa 65% ypo 1913 . C1934 . aac ee poc. 1937 . y oooca cocaa109% ypo 1913 .

ec rocyapceeay poyo ceoxoca, apep, cpeeooeay epa poc 50%.

eo aa eeo aa oac cecoroxoca cepeoeooe. O oe cecoceoopooca a ee poc oopa paa(co yx ay). aooe aae xoyo epeoeo: aoo copxoa 1937 . coca 25,8 (na 21,2 ). Baoecop caxapo ce a eoe. 1937 oooe pyoo poaoocoacocao50,9 . (ao aeaoc e 65,5 roo), ce 25,7 . (43,4 ), oe o 66,6 (96 ) a pooca aoo poy oooca oe a 62,9%.

p eyoeopeoo oe aa opo e oac cecooxocacoco ceye: o epx, epea oaac aeee a oac eca cecooxca( e pax ceooopoo, copoxoceo, pee epax yope . .), o-opx, e ocyece aeee e ao aaooe paececooxoca( cpae cepo eo o poc a 33% eco 57%, peycopex ao), -x, cece aex op oaexocao ocyapcy poyo cecooxoca x aooex e yoxoo oxoo e o oo aepo aepecoaoc pocececoxoceoopooca, -eepx, paeoooca opooc ocyce coo opoo a, eocao pooco ypaoo epa. , epa octaaoc a opeooo ypoe, ao-cyapceeaoo xe peoopoc, yoxoo ocaaoc oe ao ypaoo epa pa oooc Haoe, caac eaope ooe yco 1933 1936 .

6.

(1937-1941 .)

apooo xocapeycapa peeeceyxaex aa: oe poy ce poeoc 1942 . oe peo ypoe 1937 . a 92%; o ce pooco cpec pooca a 107%; poy aocpoe oa a pac 2,3 paa; ooc epoca 2,1 paa. apoaoc pepa xecy poeoc oy eyx opace poeoc, ye eepoy 2,4 paa. a peycapa aeee paeeaypeco, yoo eo poeoc, acoc coae paoeey Boo pao oo eo a CCCP Bopoeay. peoaaoc coaepyx ocyapcex peepo oy, epoep, eoop oopo pooca, aae pa pacopa, coaea ocoe cpa aoo-yepo pyopace aocpoe, eeepepao, x.

Boeeo paoo popa oeceaoc ac aaooe, oope o coca 192 p. py. 115 . py. o opo ee. cpo oo o cy poocex ooce oe, e a e peye e ece e.

.

, , . ocooo ea oyaa aeee paecceapopeo, pacaaa poeoc. ooecoe paeo cec ye copooaoc ae poco . Orpo oe aaooe popee opac aocpoee, oay poeoc, pooco epoep ocyecc yep ypo acee.

1937 -1941 . e pocapoeoo pooca eco -3,4 % o. pooeoc pya ae poca ea 6 % o, eepocye cococoa ae ooce pepecceep, apaee a ypeeec poeoc peoee o. cpo cyo ooo9 c. poex pep. aae yc caoeo, pyox eox aooe, paopo, oao, paoopoaoopyoa.

ycpaa caco apae ao apoya pye o, poe eo poeoc. Heoy pa ea eoc, cpoece ceco xocepeoaa py, ao a yeoc pacpyype coopye opo, cao, eaopo.

40 :

1. , : () -; ;

2. ;

3. , ; - , , ;

4. .


1. .. .: , 1972.

2. / .... : , 2002.

/
:
? : letsdoit777.blogspot.com
08:14:43 19 2016
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22:37:20 28 2015

, : 1921-1941



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