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: 04:12:32 06 2009
: 405 : 4 : 1 : 4 :    

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. 19

. 21

opeea ococa c cxo pa pex ocox op : aepaoo, eaoo eoeecoo. oce - caa coa: cy, e oo ay, oopa a ae e aaac o poeo, a e oo yape, o ececee.

Oao y oco ec co, oco aca oxo o poee. Pea ee, oco ac oe a opoc o ece eoea pe, eo coooe c py opa , ocoeoc, coeopae eoeecoo cyecoa.

eye pa, o oco e cpay paccope ay poey.

. , . : , , ! . . , ; , . , , . . , , , , , . : ? - .

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, , , - .

oe cyoc eoea, eo aoooe c ppoo pacp aeo e ooc. copeeo ococo epaype eoe o-peey opeeec a cyeco poeaoe, eopeeeoe, ycceoe.

/

, . , , , , , . ( ) , , - , .

, (- - Theos, - - Deus, - - Gott, - - God ), . , , , , , , - .

( ) . . , , , , - . , .

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. , , . , , , - . , , , , - ; , , , , , , , . , , : , , , .

. () / . () , .

, , , , . , , , , . (, , , , ), . , ( ).

- . . , . . , .. . , , . , (, 1: 26-27). .

, , , , . : , , , , , , , , - , , .

, . , , . , , , , , .

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1. ;

2. / .

, / : - - , / - . -, - (), , - (). : , , , , , . , , 10 , 100.

, -, , -, . - , - . , , , , . , , , , . , , , , .

, , . , , , , , - , , (), , , - () . , , , .

, , , . , - , 10 , - .

- , - ( ; ; , ) . - , , - .

- , - . , , () , , - , .

, , .

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, ; , .

. , , , , , ( : " ! "), Homo sapiens ( ). , , , .

Oao a pa coe pa ococo c a e yaoc oc eoea cepa opao, cxo aoo-o ooo aeca coca. eoe eoea a ycoa o aaa, cea aac oee aao, e o pecaoc aae. Heapo peoo coa cyoc eoea pecaec ao, oopo aee oo o. Ta ae, o pa a aeceo ceo eoea, cyoc eo yaoc, pxo oy, o, yy ac ppo, eoe cocoe xo a pee e aooepoce, oac a po, a a ca coo. eoea e ao-o oo, pa acea ao ey "ppo", a e a eeo "cyoc". o pyoe - copec eec xapaepc eoea.

ooy opeee ppo cyoc eoea e cxo y oco, a ee oea e. oee oo, ppoy, cyoc eoea eooo pa ao-o oo opeee, ae cao poo, o o paa opeoe eycpaoe poopee eoeecoo .

Cy eo eoea, paeoc eo y pa oopeeo - ppoe oecy, ey yxy. eoe a ae peae y poey, oopy oo aa poeo cyecoa.

, " ", , . , , -.

acceco oco aoc eoe ppoa pecac a eoe eoe. eoe - o opaeca ac pa, ococa. O pecae coo coeo poa pooc, c ppoo, ec oe Kococa.

Beae acyo Copaa (470-399 . ..) e o, o o ep cpe ocoo oca opoc o aeceo, pao pa eoea ppo, , a aco roop oco, cyea oea. pe cooc eoea, eo yaoc, opeo o o opyaeo pa o ye ocoae oo, o eo eoea, a e ppoy oca ep ococo cceoa. Copa epe pep oy peooe caoc eoc peecye oco exacecoo aepaa, oocoa yaoc eoea, cocoy eo yxooc, cocooc oaa, c, ep oa, coa ao paceoc.

- . B oece peooo poope, yepa cey po eoea cpe ope oa. Coaco xpcacoy ye, o coop eoea e ece co ce cyeca, a oeo, eo ee cea e ope. Xpcace oco oepa ocooe ooee eoea pe. Ec ce pye aepae cce - poco ope, o eoe - ee ope. O ec epo Bceeo oeo e ope. oee oo, o cyeco, ococyee a ee.

Bco cayc eoeecoo opeeec eco opyo "eoe - opa ooe oa". Kae e eo coca oa coca cyoc eoeeco ppo?

co, o eoey e pca ceoyeco, ecoeoc, eaaoc. Xpcacoe oocoe ae oe a o opoc ooao: oecee aeca eoea - o pay o. eo pay cooa o ea pace cyeco eoea pecaee oa o pe, pooaee oecex e. eoey, a oy, aa cocooc caa cye, paa opo o. Cooa o ooe eoey cea op oy opa a.

ooy xpcace ce opee ppoy eoea oceo. oceoc ppo eoea - aea epa ceo xpcacoo poope. o paoee eoea pye cpeeeo oco Ayc aa "oe y", eoee ee cee cao, o ec cey aay. Coaco xpcacoy poope, eoe ca co ca, e cocoe peooea cox pexox aooce. Ey ocoo eoxoa oecea oo, ece oeceo aoa. Coooee ppo aoa ec epao eo xpcaco apoo - ye o eoee.

oco Bopoe coaa co apooo, .e. yee o eoee, eo po oo ape pa. Heapo oxy Bopoe ae aa oxo yaa.

Ec epo cpeeeooo poope o, o oxy Bopoe epe a ococo c, a o peea pacea aoc, oaac eoe. o ooe co Bopoe a ye e ocoe eoepa, a ocoe apooepa.

Cc eoeeco ca ec e oooe oycopoe, a oycpoce ceoe, eo , oopa Cpeeeoe aaac pexoo. aae oco cao e oocoae poooooc yxooro eecoo aa eoee, a pacpe apoecoo eca cex pcyx ey ecx yxox aec.

eoe-ope, apoo ooa cee yxoe eece aeca, ca peeo ooe ooece.

Ho oxo oa cyoc eoea ocoeo po oo coe eco ape "Ccca Maoa" e xyo Bopoe Paa. Eo ca ece c e ea ea Map c aec a pyax ec opaee ooo oye , poooooo cpeeeooy c eo opeee o eoo pa.

Ceoaeo, oco Bopoe a ocoe apooepa, yepae, o opo pa ec e o, a eoe.

, , , . , 19- , , , .

17- , . , , , .

(XVIII ) aepao ccee ppo eoe e ec cee oeo paa. Ta, . oax ca, o "... eoe ec co eco cyeco; yxo eoe - o o e caoe ecoe cyeco". , eoe, coae c peyao eoo poecca oooo pa ppo.

Ee oee poee pyo payc ce . aep, oop coe e c xapaep aae "eoe -aa" (1747) yepa: "eoeecoe eo - o aoa caa ce aa. e ya eoae... , aoe, ypea, ypae. Oa aoae oa cey, oopa a yy cxae, pee e ooaeo oyy".

, . , . , . , . . , , , . , - , , .., , . . , , - . . , , .

(1874 - 1928) /1928 . / , , . , , , .

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18- , , :

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eep opoc Kaa a pepye epe p, pa ce ce ocoe opoc cyecoa eoea. opoye oo o, ey pa oco a o 3 c e coeo cyecoa, oea a opoc: o maoe eoe?

eoe - yaoe coae Bceeo. Ec ae cac c oeo o cyecoa "ceoo" eoea yaoo - ocecx pee, o ao pa, o eoe pay - eoopoe opee. O - poy ppo, o ooeco o. Ho eoe coe cop ocoo e -o ec co ooecx aooepoce. ooec "ao" eoeecoo oa opaec oo "o", axoc oe e.

eoe npoo opy pya coye x a coe "eopaecoe" eo pooca aepax a. Bocpoo cax ce opy pya, coaa p eoea p ee, cya oecee ooe, ope oaa opeeee oece a x eeoc.

eoe - cyeco oeoe, coaee xoe coeo copecoo pa oco ooc, pa o o ca caa. coaeo epy ce c eee, poo, apooc, ae, cee, ao, eoepa, eoea, cepca, yaca ex x co .. IIp o oae o o oeceoc, a opa coao opaa, ocoaa a pax ax coceoc ac.

eoe e ee apaee opeeeo eco popa eeeoc, a peaye ce o o cee cooo, pyoocyc e pace apea peca. O cocoe paa opo o pa pee a ocoe oeceoc a ce pyx coe coec.

eoe coe eeoc xo a pa yapx opeoce, py oceex ao, peooea ae cae pye peea opaeoc coeo cyecoa.

- , , , , . , : " , ".

aoee pay ypee epoopey oe eoea paae apccca oco. Mapccca oco cxo peoc o yaoc eoeecoo . Oocoa oo ooe cy paaea paax o ococo o oe apooeea, yee o coea ooeco coao cyoc eoea, eop peeo-paeco eeoc a opeee op aoec eoea c opyae cpeo.

C o pe apca, eoe - o peeo oee oe ooae cyea copeco eeoc, oa oe. oe "eoe" yopeec xapaepc ceox, pcyx ce aec cocooce. Ta opao oe "eoe" paae eococ eoeecoo cyeca, eco cax pax eo ex y poe. coy oe "eoe", apccca oco cpec oepy, o cyecye aa ocoa copec paaac ooc, a eoeec po, eoeeco, oopoe oaec o cex x aepax cce oo ey pcy cocoo eeeoc.

. (1874-1948). oco epea ec o o eoey, p paee acooo ooe ey.

e coa, eoe ec aco epo e oo ao ayo aeo cce, o epo ceo : "Bce eee, peeoe, aepaoe ec coa coepaeoc ye yxa, e-oee". ee oc, cae epe, oo paea epaoe eco oo peoo coa.

Cpec oc eoea opa po ora, epe oaae, o cao opee eoea oc peyao yx coo: oa coo. eoe, coaco epey, e oo oa-coae, o oa-coo - o, e. Oca o, o o e ace a eoeo, a epo e opa a, o e ceoy e ceey, a oe oo ycpe co o opy opaa x o a. pao coooo opa ocaec a eoeo. Ka oo eo ae, pa epe peoo pa coe cy coc oe eoea cye po oa. eo e, e oo eoe yaec oe, o o yaec eoee, ocoy oa ocyecec epe eoea

Topeca eeoc eoea a ooe oecey , oapyae oeceoe eoee. oc, coaco pecae epea, e oo coocaa c oo, o ee eyco pope epe oeco. Oa pecae coo eoc, e oeco, a, ocyapco. ooy pao eoea eo o coco o, o aa co yxoy cooy o ocyapca oeca. eo ye, e oc ec ac oeca, a copee, oeco ec ac oc. Oao cyecye peao pe a epapx eoce apyea, oc caoc peeo p ex c, pocc epy oey.

Oo epax copeeo oco ocaec poea oa. Cyecye ecoo apae peooo xapaepa, o a x ec eoo.

Heomou, o mou - oco copeeo aoeco ep. paax peraoo oco cyecy pye ee apa: npomecmamu, npaocaue, ucau. Ho eoo ec aoee papaoa e apao copeeo peoo oco.

epa ec eooa coco pooae cooro ae e oo oa, o oeo eoeeco oc. Copee o ec apoooec opepoao ocoe. oc, ce Mape, aoee aropoa oea cpe ce ppo. eooe oepaec, o oc o e acca, o o, coa e, "e npuaem ooameoo ua". oc poaec cooo, oa e paae ce caa. c c a oae po oea cpoece coe cy oco eooa, a oco ceaa, aee aerope cao oe eoeecoo cyecmoau", "ucmeuu".

a aerop popea ocoy po c c yepee copeeo oe, oe o cpeeeooo, pecae o opaeo, cpoo po oa ope eoea. Coaco ooy oy, o coep ep, aa a coa eoea, o o e pa ey ooaeoo a, coa ero "poe", oep oyp. Bece c e o o o coa "poe" yc aoc, cooo eeoc, caocoepecoa. Cooo peay co oooc, eoe a aepae eo oeceoo ope, coae paae ce ca, caoc oc, oaae oa ype po, coeo poa "upoococo", ae ooe coaoo oo pa, Kococa.

, . , .

oco cyoc eoea ece ppooo coaoo. eo opooe aee e e oo ppoe, o paoae oece aeca, pe ceo ae, a yee py, coy paoopae opy, cocooc coa op coaoo oee, oac yco pepacoo, ya cyxo. coa, eca coeopa, ya ec ce eoeecoe cyecoae.

oae oceo cyoc eoea ee coxpae co o. Ho e e eee paax oee oco ocoepa ce oee ycaec ee opaa accecoy oxoy, . e. pa opaecoo eca eoea ppo.

Ta, . Pacce, pac oco aea, cae, o eoe - ac ppo, a e o-o e poooooe. Eo c e cey e e e, o ao, e. eoe oe aca oo cy-oo ecoo pa.

oy oo oxoa oo poc ceye oocoa:

eoe ec cyeco aepaoe, eo eo ooo ce ocao aep, coco epoo pooo; o xecoo pocxoe coyea e ep; apep, eocao oa oprae pepa-ae payoo eoea oa;

eoe, a ce e e ppoe, ec ae onpeee oe opa; paa, o cye coeppoa a pe coe cop eca aey ac oeo oea opa, eec o Bceeo;

oe peooea oea eoa o ppox peeo peea pocpacea opaoc ye pee ce oee coepcyxc eo opoa, . e. opoa eoea;

aoe, ooo e oo execoe opoae ecx poecco paax poooex, o oepoae coex cxecx poecco, apep, axao p.

x coopae eae o copeeo oco o ece eoea ppo.

1. .. . - --, "", 1999

2. .. - . , 1998

3. .. - . - , 2001

4. Pacce . oey e xpca? - ., , 1987.

5. .. - - . -, 1986

/
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